Posts Tagged ‘present simple tense’

How to conjugate verbs (auxiliary & lexical verbs)

24 October 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

Conjugation of verbs.-

Auxiliary verbs:

to be was/were been.ser, estar

I am               we are.nosotros somos

you are         you are

she is             they are


can could.poder

I can                          we/you/they can

you can.tú puedes

she can



Conjugation of verbs.-

Lexical verbs (Lexicals):

to go  went

I go                 we go.nosotros vamos

you go                      you go

she goes        they go


to play   played   played.jugar

I play                        we/you/they play

you play.tú juegas

she plays


to speak   spoke  spoken.hablar

I / you do not speak

she does not speak.ella no habla

we/you/ they do not speak





Eugenio Fouz.-24.10.19


My own syllabuses on English language

23 February 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

[Harry Styles, singer “OneDirection”]

A foreign language teacher should create his own syllabuses on grammar, lexis, pronunciation, readings, listenings, writing, et cetera. One of my students claimed one day in class they were being taught the same old things year after year (points of grammar, namely the present simple tense, the saxon genitive, some plural nouns) in a never-ending circle. Teachers were just following a formula according to the rules of programming. We have been learning foreign languages the same way we learnt everything by memorisation. I thought the student´s complaint was fair. Nowadays I try to teach something new every year.

A functional language syllabus might be as follows: 1.greetings (hello, hi, good morning, goodbye) 2.cardinal numbers from 1 to 10 (one, two) to tell the time (what time is it?) 4.days of the week 5.seasons of the year to say the date (February, 20th) to answer the phone (hello, this is Tom Smith / who is calling, please? 8.months of the year …

A lexical syllabus might be like this: 1.the English alphabet (a, b, c, d, e ) 2.colours (red, yellow, blue, green) stuff (book, pencil, dictionary, board, computers ) 5.people in school (teachers, students, secretary) 6.members of a family (father, mother, sister, brother, daughter) 7.clothes (shoes, socks, jeans, trousers, shirts, coats, jackets) …

A grammar syllabus should contain: 1.nouns (man, woman, subject, learning, student, school, examinations) 2.adjectives (shy, important, happy) 3.verbs (auxiliary verbs and lexical verbs) 4.adverbs (slowly, calmly, very, too, clearly) 5.prepositions (of, before, after, in, on) 6.pronouns (personal pronouns of subject) 7. skeleton of verbs (to read read read) 8.primary auxiliary verbs (to do, to have, to be) 9.modal auxiliary verbs (can, could, may, might, will, would) 10.regular lexical verbs (to play, to cry) 11.irregular lexical verbs (to put, to quit) 12.present simple tense of lexical verbs in the affirmative ( I speak English, she speaks Spanish) (to do, to be, to have) 13.personal pronouns of subject ( I, you, he, she ) 14.the four demonstratives (this, these, that, those) 15.articles (definite article -the-, indefinite article -a/an-) 16.saxon genitive (John´s room) 17.present simple tense of lexical verbs in the negative and interrogative (John does not like chocolate, Do you speak French?) …



#PDF, via G.Drive


Verbal tenses in English language (Business English 1)

4 February 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

[Detachment, 2011. Dir. Tony Kaye. -Adrian Brody, actor]

Business English 1.-


Verbal tenses

Present simple tense (LEXICALS)

Susan helps Peter with maths / John´s sister reads the newspaper everyday

I do not like beer / We do not understand that, teacher / Tom does not drink any tea

Do you speak English? / Do they live in Berlin?


Present simple tense (AUXILIARIES)

-to be, to have, to do- (PRIMARY AUXILIARY verbs)

-will, shall- (pure future)

-can could (ability, permission, possibility)

You are French / She is not Spanish, she is German / Carol is 14 years old

Have you got a book? –No, I haven´t / Have you got a dictionary of English? –Yes, I have

Are you happy? –Yes, I am / Is she your sister? –No, she isn´t


Present simple tense (AUXILIARIES) CAN COULD-PODER

Can you type?-No, I can´t / Can your brother type? – Yes, he can

Can I go to the toilet, please? –Yes, you can


Continue reading here:


YouTube.-Detachment- [extract]

Revision exercises for Business English 1 (first term)

9 November 2018

twitter: @eugenio_fouz


Business English 1


1st term

1/*Conjugate the present perfect tense (Pretérito Perfecto Compuesto in Spanish) of the verb “amar” (to love)

2/*Conjugate the future simple tense (Futuro Simple in Spanish) of the verb “comprar” (to love)

3/*Revise the table of Spanish verb conjugation

4/She is our teacher. This is my schoolbag.-*Write four more sentences using classroom stuff and possessive adjectives

5/*Make a short dialogue: two people speaking about country and nationality, e.g: I´m from France. My father is French

6/*Write cardinal numbers from 1 to 20 (write the Spanish version in words, too) 1:uno / 15: quince



See, download and print the complete PDF here:



-compruebe la conjugación española aquí-


The English verb (three columns)

1 November 2018

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

[David Bowie, artist]



Hojas de trabajo de Inglés 1 (worksheets, Business English 1)

3 March 2018

twitter: @eugenio_fouz


Worksheet Business English 1. I was short of money (EXTRACT)

Business English 1. Worksheet. Second term

Complete the sentences. Use CAN, CAN´T, COULD, COULDN´T

  1. I was short of money last week. I … …buy that disk
  2. I am afraid I … …come to your party
  3. When my father was a schoolboy, he was a good runner. He … …run very fast
  4. My great grandmother was very clever. She … …speak three foreign languages
  5. Daniel … …swim quite well now. But last summer he … …swim at all
  6. His uncle … …ride a horse when he was seven
  7. My grandfather loved music very much. He … …play the piano and the guitar very well
  8. Something was wrong with my alarm clock. I … ….wake up in time
  9. Max is in a hurry. He … …wait for us
  10. They talked quite loudly. I … …hear everything they said


   Write the plural to these nouns


tooth.te……..……………….. tomato.tom……..…….       wife.wi……..……     pencil.pen….

teacher.te…….. woman.wo……

See, download and print the whole worksheet here:


Business English 1, Worksheet . Write all months of the year in order (EXTRACT)

  1. BASICS: write all months of the year in order.
  2. Conjugate the present simple tense in the affirmative form of the verb TO FINISH.terminar (translate one form into Spanish) + conjugate the present simple tense in the negative form of TO SPEAK.hablar (translate one form into Spanish)
  3. Put the following expressions in letters [for example: 44€:forty-four euros]

33 pp, 105 books, 200 friends, it´s 2:55 pm, 658 pp, year 1896, year 2000

  1. Fill in the missing letters. AV MOODLE. Wordlist

     traducción.tra……… / lector.rea…… / conjugación.conj…….  /……

    hoja asistencia.att……. p…  /…………. / Brasil.Br……. /

    China.Ch…… /diseñar(v).de……     /repartir(v).del…….. /quejarse(v).com…..

See, download and print the whole worksheet here:


Conjugate verbs in the present simple tense (LEXICALS)

1 November 2017

twitter: @eugenio_fouz


Conjugation of English verbs


Lexical verbs

Affirmative, negative and interrogative forms

affirmative form

to forget (olvidar)

I forget.yo olvido

You forget

She forgets

We/ you / they forget

negative form

to sleep (dormir)

I / you do not sleep

She does not sleep.ella no duerme

We / you / they do not sleep

interrogative form

to cheat (copiar / hacer trampa)

Do I cheat?

Do you cheat?.¿copias tú?

Does she cheat?

Do we / you / they cheat?


Skeleton of verbs (enunciado o presentación de verbos)

To speak spoke spoken (hablar)

To speak: INFINITIVE form (hablar)

spoke: PAST form (hablé, hablaba)

spoken: PAST PARTICIPLE form (hablado)


Lexical verbs :

A/ regular verbs, e.g:

to play played played; to look looked looked; to walk walked walked

[past form + past participle form end in –ed]

B/ irregular verbs, e.g:

to see saw seen; to read read read; to quit quit quit

[past form + past participle form do not end in -ed]


e.g.exempli gratia (for example)

Eugenio Fouz.-311017


Download the PDF via @SlideShare if you like:


Or try GoogleDrive:


An excellent webpage on verbal tenses of the English language

19 January 2016

twitter: @eugenio_fouz


An awesome website where students will find out lots of examples, clear explanations and uses on English grammar


Present simple tense

Basic form

Subject + Verb (present form)


Quick examples

John lives in New York.

We play football every day.

You are really kind.

The meeting starts at 3 PM.

The Present Simple is the most basic tense in the English language. It is an interesting tense because it can be used to express the future. Generally, though, we use it to describe the present activities or to talk about routines or habits.


1.Facts, generalizations and universal truths

2.Habits and routines

The Present Simple is often used with the frequency adverbs:

always / frequently/often / usually / seldom/rarely / nowadays / never / every week/year / sometimes/occasionally / from time to time / every now and then

A few examples how to use them in sentences:

I always go to church on Sundays  / I never eat anything after 10 PM.

3.Permanent situations

4.Events that are certain to happen

My grandmother turns 100 this July

Winter starts on December 21

5.Arrangements that we can’t change (e.g. timetables, official meetings)

6.State verbs (e.g. be, have, suppose, know)

I like swimming

We know this man

7.Narrations, instructions or commentaries



Apart from the above uses, this tense is also used in:

8.Zero Conditional (“If it doesn’t rains, I go play football.”)

9.First Conditional (“We won’t get our pocket money, if we don’t pass this exam.”)

10.In sentences after when, before, till, after, as soon as (“Before you leave, please take the keys.”)



Forming a sentence in the Present Simple is easy. To form a declarative sentence, all you need is the subject of the sentence (e.g. I, you, he, a dog) and the verb (e.g. be, talk, swim). Questions and negative sentences are only a little more difficult, because they require an auxiliary verb.

Declarative Sentences 

Subject                                            +Verb (present form)

e.g. he, she, a dog, etc.               e.g. go, make, have, etc.

A dog is an animal / I learn English twice a week / The course starts in April


Questions require the auxiliary verb “to do” or, in the third person singular, “does”

Do or Does    +Subject                             +Verb (present form)

e.g. he, she, a dog, etc.   e.g. go, make, have, etc.

Person A: Does she like going to the mountains?

Person B: Yes, she does.

Person A: Does John have a dog?

Person B: No, he doesn’t.

When asking a question, the verb does not conjugate:

Does she have a dog?

Does she has a dog?* [WRONG]

For the verb “to be”, we do not use an auxiliary:

Is he tall?

Does he be tall?* [WRONG]

Is he a lawyer? / Does Mike go swimming every Sunday? / Does she live in London?

Negative Sentences

Subject                                +Don’t or Doesn’t              +Verb (present form)

e.g. he, she, a dog, etc.                                                  e.g. go, make, have, etc.


Contracted forms in the negative

do + not = don’t

does + not = doesn’t

They don’t live in New York anymore / I don’t like Winter / He doesn’t go to the cinema at all / Spring doesn’t start in December  



Practice of English language- Present simple tense 1.2

8 November 2015


Last name ………………………………………………………………..
First name……………………….. Group……….

1. Translate these sentences into Spanish:

a. I always come to school by car.
b. She frequently arrives here before me.
c. He never forgets to do his homework.
d. I often catch the late bus home.
e. I play football on Saturdays.
f. Once a year I fly back to visit my family in Korea.

2. Complete the sentences using these words:

It, my, four, very, drinks, plays, don ́t, eats

a. I ……. live in Frankfurt.

b. She ……. football but she doesn’t play tennis.

c. For breakfast he ………. rice and …….. cold milk.

d. She works ……. hard.

e. …… friend speaks ……. languages.

f. ……rains a lot in Germany.

3. Answer to these questions in more than 2 words:

  1. How are you?
  2. Where do you study?
  3. Do you have any hobbies?
  4. Which ones?
  5. Which is your favourite film?
  6. How old are you?


  1. Write ordinal numbers from 1o to 8o
  2. Write all four seasons in order
  3. The time: 3:45 2:10 5:30 12:00
  4. Write the personal pronouns of subject
  5. Jot down the four demonstratives and their meanings (jot

    down.escribir, anotar) (meaning.significado)

The rule of getting 2 vowels for a fly

8 November 2015

twitter: @eugenio_fouz


When we conjugate the 3rd person singular of the present simple tense of verbs ending in -y sometimes we wonder why the English drop the final -y and add an -i plus -es and some other times they just add a -s.

This is my rule: get 2 vowels for a fly. I will show this by means of an example:
We conjugate the present simple tense in the affirmative form of to MARRY like this:
I marry, you marry, she marries, we marry, you marry, they marry.

MARR-Y only has a vowel (considering the semivowel -y a vowel itself). According to the rule we must get 2 vowels, therefore we drop the -y and add -i plus -es. The result is: marries. (You can count up to 2 vowels) Otherwise that would be marrys which is not real English.

Take now the present simple tense in the affirmative of to PLAY like this:
I play, you play, she plays, we play, you play, they play
PLAY-S has got 2 vowels so there must not be any dropping of vowels.

Journalism As Literature

A graduate seminar at the University of Florida


Elements of True Gentlemen


Disentería literaria


El primer blog de Garrafón en habla hispana

A Guy's Moleskine Notebook

Books. Reflections. Travel.


crear siempre, aprender y guardar la llama