Posts Tagged ‘notes’

Latin appendices (PPA, first term)

3 March 2018

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

[¿Cómo? ¿Hoy hay examen?]


Appendix I [PPA] Latin 1st term (extracto)

Teoría y práctica



declinación del sustantivo

El sustantivo se declina en número y caso. El número es singular o plural y el caso es nominativo, vocativo, acusativo, genitivo, dativo o ablativo.

Cuando aprenda un nombre en latín recuerde SIEMPRE el caso nominativo y genitivo de singular. El caso nominativo es el elemental, el que nos dice que un nombre es sujeto en una oración. El genitivo de singular señala la declinación a la que pertenece el nombre o sustantivo. En latín hay cinco declinaciones. La señal que nos indica la declinación es el caso genitivo de singular.

Por ejemplo, si uno aprende la palabra rosa (rosa) así, solo en nominativo de singular no podrá entender mucho. Debería aprender rosa, rosae (rosa). La desinencia o terminación en –ae nos informa de que la palabra es de la 1ª declinación.

Si aprendemos vir (hombre) sin más, no podemos saber que su caso genitivo viri le señala como sustantivo de la 2ª declinación.


Vea, descargue e imprima el documento en formato PDF aquí:


Appendix II (extracto)

Cuando vaya a aprender los casos de un sustantivo compruebe que el orden de los casos es el siguiente: nominativo, vocativo, acusativo, genitivo, dativo y ablativo.

Algunos manuales de latín siguen otro orden distinto. Nosotros debemos mantener siempre el mismo esquema ordenado de casos.

Por ejemplo, en el manual Metodo para aprender latín, Hermann Schnitzler. Ed Herder, Barcelona, 2011 (pág.20) declina el nombre insula, ae (isla) en este orden.


Nom- insula   

Voc- insula   

Gen- insulae  

Dat- insulae  

Acu- insulam  

Abl- insula   

Vea, descargue e imprima el documento en formato PDF aquí:


Notes for students of Ethics -Parallel Papers-Ethics-ef17.- 310817

5 September 2017

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

[James Dean vía @historyinmoment]

Three packs of obligatory notes for the subject of Ethics. Each one contains texts, definitions, mottoes, rules, news and some other points of interest such as urban legends, good manners and decalogues of behaviour. I have included extracts from the Spanish Constitution of 1978, the brilliant speech of Martin Luther King, the thirty articles of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

See the documents linked below:

Ethics PPa first term


Ethics PPa second term


Ethics PPa third term


Another kind of cheese

18 January 2014

twitter: @eugenio_fouz


On this occasion, the kind of cheese is Kathy Gude´s or Gouda, no offence intended. I have found out a textbook published by Oxford containing an appendix on certain grammar points. These lines following are my notes on grammar. We shouldn´t forget that there is not an unique grammar rule or an only kind of cheese; there are lots of cheese.  Every word you read from now on belongs to Kathy Gude´s handbook CAE Result, Oxford, first published in 2008 (Oxford University Press)


“When two or more past events happen consecutively, the past simple is used for both

The Titanic hit an iceberg and sank a few hours later

It is possible to use would instead of used to when talking about past personal habits, generally in the positive. It is rather literary style

When we were young we would go to the river and throw stones in the stream…

Present continuous

Used to express the future when definite plans or arrangements have been made

What are you doing next Saturday?

I´m taking my driving test

Verbs of motion, even if no fixed arrangements have been made

You had better hurry up and get ready ready, because we´re leaving very soon

Going to

*When you have made a decision to do sth

Could you please let me know if you are going to accept the job?

*When you have made some basic plans

I´m going to buy an old barn and do it up

More definite plans – Present continuous

We´ve signed the contracts and we´re moving into the building on Monday

*Say what someone is just about to do

I won´t be a minute. I´m just going to say goodbye to my colleague

*For predictions when there is clear evidence that an event is about to take place

Based on the first page, I think I´m going to enjoy reading this book

Will and won´t (Neutral predictions)

*Ask and give information about the future

“The work won´t take long” the builder said

*Express the near future when there has been no conscious planning or premeditation

I´ll have an omelette and a green salad

*Predict what you think will happen in the future, based on what you believe or guess will happen

Soon, we will all pay our bills by mobile phone”


Note at the noticeboard, 17th October.-Reminder Bacc 1 & Bacc 2

17 October 2012

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

Coffee time at Summerhill school, UK

There are papers at the photocopier for those students who failed the subject of English language last year. (Inglés suspenso de Bacc 1)

Avoid speaking Spanish language in class.

Do not ask questions such as: “¿qué pone ahí?”, “no te entiendo”, “dime”, “¿cómo se dice?” (say “what is that? or “what is to be put here”*, “I don´t understand you”, “tell me”, “how do you say?” instead)

When your teacher is calling the register don´t answer like this: “oui”, sí”,”¿qué?”,”yo”, “aquí” (say “yes!”, “pardon?”, “me!”, “present!” instead)

Get a dictionary with you (it is incredibly useful)

Do you want to listen? / Does she want to listen?

I have a sister and she´s got a Ferrari / I have a sister who has a Ferrari*

Do not ask “¿sigo?”, “¿copiamos eso?”, “¿qué hay que hacer?”; ask “Shall I go on?or “can I finish?” “let me finish”*, “shall we copy that?”, “what do we have to do?”

Doing the exercises right is a positive thing, but it is much better to understand what you are saying or writing in English. In other words, grammar might be a bit difficult sometimes but doing nonsense can be really bad.

Remember basics: January, February, …… / one, two, three, four….. / me, you, him…. /my book, her boyfriend, …. / is it quarter to seven?*, it is five past ten … / Monday, Tuesday, …/ this book is Michael´s book , these are my books, …

Haven´t you seen Tom yet? (aún) / Have you seen Tom yet? (ya)

Functional language:

What is that? …………………….

How do you spell …? …………………………..

I have written/said* ……………………….

Can I speak Spanish, teacher? ………………………….

Can I clean the blackboard?…………………………………

May I come in? ……………………………………….

Has anyone got a dictionary, please? ……………………….

I am having a shower at the moment…………………..

I haven´t got it. Sorry! ………………………

*[corrections suggested by the blogger roughseasinthemed. Thanks for your help. EF]

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crear siempre, aprender y guardar la llama