Posts Tagged ‘listening’

Dynamics in the classroom (English language)

7 October 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

[Tom Berenger, “The substitute”, 1996. Dir. Robert Mandel]

ENGLISH LANGUAGE DYNAMICS in the classroom

-Teacher´s Notes-

1/ GRAMMAR: skeleton of verbs: samples ( 2 verbs) – programming of 44 specific points (demonstratives, plural of nouns, present simple tense)

2/ read words (wordlist PACK); take notes

3/ NOTEBOOK time – correction on BOARD – WRITING

4/ BOOK- show and do exercises + AUDIOS –LISTENING; WRITING

5/ visit AV (@moodle) – right there (in the classroom)

6/ sample sentences (sms): My name is … BOARD I am fourteen – GRAMMAR; SYNTAX; VOCABULARY Hello, good morning

7/ revise BASICS: (just certain elements) reminder alphabet (spell 3 words) numbers (remember how to write number 14? and 40?) colours make sentences in the IMPERATIVE grammar syllabus vocabulary (idioms, false friends)

8/ PPA (Parallel Papers) – have a look at some papers. Read them. Explain, show, check they have understood

9/ exercises WRITING

10/ FUNCTIONAL LANGUAGE (teacher´s eavesdropping.-try to get their mother language phrases into my bloc and pass them into English language myself)

11/ READING texts aloud

12/ Q. A (Question & Answer) – oral assessment

13 / HOMEWORK

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E. Fouz.-

7/10719

METHOD

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#PDF

https://tinyurl.com/yxdr4v2o

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7 musts in the learning of a foreign language

27 July 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

Which are the things you should learn in a foreign language?

 

First, I think I should learn the alphabet and vocabulary, that is to say, words from the new language and of course, their meanings. I should know how to say every word, how to pronounce them. This part has to do with phonetics. Whenever I learn a new word I feel the urgency to know how to write it (spelling, written language)

Second,grammar. What are the rules in that language. Why do we say or write “I do not like her” instead of saying  **“”I not like her”, for example. Being able to create my own messages following the rules of grammar. These rules include exceptions.

Third, I would like to learn functional language as well, I mean, practical and formulaic sentences to ask someone his name or his age as in “What is your name?” or “How old are you?”. There are plenty of singular expressions which belong to formulaic language such as idioms, slang, abbreviations or false friends, among many others.

Fourth, I would appreciate to know about syntax (order and relationships of elements in the discourse).

Fifth, I´d love to be an independent reader of literature and a good radio listener as well to work fluency in the foreign language besides the pleasure of reading inherent to a man of letters like me.

Sixth, being curious about culture (tradition, customs, people, geography, etcetera)

Seventh, practise language through the well-know four basic skills: reading, listening, writing, reading

 

 

 

Eugenio Fouz.-

27.7.2019

METHOD

 

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#PDF G-Drive

https://tinyurl.com/y2zk53ho

American language blog

19 March 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

Wild Card Game: Tennessee Titans v San Diego Chargers

This is a blog for teachers of English language (AmE, mainly). The site provides the teacher with nine resources to practice listening and speaking. After having had a quick look at the page I have favourited these 2: one from the BBC -of course-, and another from an ESL lab.

See: 

1/ BBC.co.uk (learning English)

BBC learning English

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2/ ESL lab

ESL lab

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And here it is. The blog:

American language blog

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Unknown

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Be good at English

31 March 2017

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

Vayamos directamente al grano. Usted quiere hablar inglés y quiere hablarlo bien. Lo que sigue es una colección de consejos para lograrlo.

Gramática.-En primer lugar debería aprender gramática inglesa. No es difícil. Le ayudará conocer su propia lengua materna. En inglés debería utilizar los básicos sin errores. Entre estos se encuentran los pronombres personales (de sujeto y objeto), los números cardinales, los números ordinales (usados por los ingleses para decir el día del mes). Sea bueno al pronunciar estas fechas. Por ejemplo, 17 de febrero se diría “the seventeenth of February”. Aprenda a escribir estos números. Cópielos varias veces en un bloc. Sepa cómo escribir y decir adiós, hola, gracias (bye, bye!, hello!, thank you!).

Evite el error típico de olvidar la desinencia [s] / [es] de tercera persona de singular del presente de indicativo. Memorice por ejemplo un título como este de The BeatlesShe loves you” o casos muy concretos “John´s sister goes to school on foot almost every day

Conozca las excepciones a las reglas gramaticales. No diga ni escriba “I have 18 years old**” para decir que tiene 18 años. Diga “ I am 18 years old”. Tampoco se le ocurra decir “ I have hungry**” para decir “tengo hambre” y diga “I am hungry”.

Estudie, practique y aprenda verbos, verbos frasales, modismos, sinónimos, antónimos y todo tipo de palabras.

Cuatro reglas y cuarenta excepciones.-Conozca las reglas. Apréndase las excepciones. La lengua inglesa está compuesta de cuatro reglas y cuarenta excepciones. Aquellos que dominen estas cuarenta excepciones serán los hablantes mejor capacitados para este idioma.

Debería familiarizarse con los falsos amigos o “false friends” tanto en inglés como en la vida. Digamos que debe estar alerta. No diga “actually” si lo que quiere decir es “actualmente” y diga “currently”. Otro error corriente es decir “carpet” para decir “carpeta” y lo que está diciendo es “alfombra”.

No ignore la gramática. A veces olvidamos la conjugación de verbos. Le sugiero que repase la conjugación verbal en su lengua materna y compruebe diferencias y similitudes con la lengua de Shakespeare.

Cultura.-Sea curioso con las cosas de la cultura anglosajona. Los ingleses son singulares y mantienen unas costumbres saludables a lo largo de los años. Estos isleños arrastran la fama de saber hacer cola como nadie para entrar al teatro, al cine o subirse a un autobús. Es proverbial su elegante flema ante situaciones ridículas o adversas, el lenguaje refinado y su actitud reservada.

Lectura.-Lea. Lea mucho. Hágalo en voz baja y en voz alta. Grábese si quiere. Lea cartas, artículos, periódicos, tiras de humor de periódicos ingleses o americanos, revistas. Cante a coro las letras de las canciones, lea subtítulos de películas, vaya al teatro, recite poesía, lea novelas, lecturas graduadas o “graded readers”.

Vocabulario.-Sin palabras no hay lenguaje. Sin palabras no hay comunicación posible. Recuerde aquello que dijo una vez el presidente de un equipo rojiblanco “No money, no dinner” . Sin palabras, nada de nada. (Y entienda que dinero es la segunda palabra, no la cuarta).

Aprenda las abreviaturas típicas: asap (“as soon as possible”), IOU (“I owe you”), OK (“ol korrekt”), VIP (“Very Important Person”), vs. (“versus”), etc. (también esta última, “etcetera”)

Memorice verbos frasales, sinónimos, antónimos y listas interminables de palabras. Use expresiones latinas si conoce su significado. No abuse. Tampoco vaya a eliminarlas de su banco léxico personal.

Si está de acuerdo conmigo en la verdad innegable de que los diccionarios son necesarios, útiles e imprescindibles, utilícelos con regularidad. Haga un uso excesivo de estos manuales. Nadie podrá detenerle.

Resulta estúpido resolver acertadamente un ejercicio gramatical sin haber entendido el mensaje. Trate de comprender el significado de lo que lee y lo que escucha.

Práctica.-Realice montones de ejercicios escritos y orales. Pruebe constante e incansablemente el sabor de la lengua extranjera. Tómese tres cucharadas de práctica por cada una de teoría.

Pronunciación.-Busque un modelo y sígalo. Los clásicos seguimos el modelo británico de las islas. Ya que estamos, apúntese a las redes sociales y participe en conversaciones con angloparlantes. Acostúmbrese al botón de “me gusta” (like) y RT (retweet). Imite la entonación de los nativos pero no vaya a traicionar su propio acento.

Antes hablaba de la imprescindibilidad del diccionario, pues bien, los podcasts (grabaciones de audio en archivos MP3) ocupan un lugar próximo a los diccionarios en esa pirámide de Maslow. Recomiendo los podcasts de la BBC. Vea, además, tantos vídeos como pueda en YouTube y euronews.

Cuando hable en inglés haga el favor de separar las palabras unas de las otras. Póngaseenellugardequienleeuntextosinningúntipodeseparaciónpausaodescanso. Vocalice. No hable rápido. Hágalo despacio, pero no sea excesivamente lento hablando. Preste atención a las letras finales de cada palabra, ya sean “mb”, “st”, “gh”. La manera de pronunciar estas terminaciones varía dependiendo de la palabra [climb, best, laugh]. Algunas letras no se oyen porque son mudas. No deben pronunciarse la [s] en “island”, la [t] en “castle”.

Aprenda conceptos sobre fonética y practique la transcripción de palabras y frases. Los buenos diccionarios contienen la transcripción fonética de cada vocablo.

Literatura.-Habitúese a leer clásicos, ya sabe, Dickens, Shakespeare, Wilde, Byron. Lea también a los americanos Hawthorne y Whitman.

Ortografía y escritura.-Trabaje su ortografía seriamente. Alguien que desconoce las reglas de escritura no merece la confianza de un hombre de letras.

Por otro lado, para escribir redacciones aceptablemente buenas debería leer muchos ensayos. Recuerde que un buen lector puede llegar a ser un buen escritor. Escriba textos breves en primer lugar y aumente paulatinamente la extensión de sus escritos.

Estilo.-Usted es lo que escribe. Creo que fue Borges quien dijo aquello de que uno es todos los libros que lee. En fin, cada uno de nosotros posee un estilo particular mientras hace cosas, escribe o camina.

No sea pobre. Me refiero al estilo y la variedad. Use conectores que doten de sentido a cada idea, a cada párrafo. No escriba siempre “pero” y “y”. (Perdóneme la cacofonía) En inglés quedaría así: “but” & “and”. Hay otras opciones, “sin embargo”, “por otro lado”, “además”, “digamos” (“however”, “on the other hand”, “moreover”, “let´s say”).

Escriba o hable cuando tenga algo que decir. Y que sea interesante, Virgen santa.

Evite la repetición. No emplee la misma palabra cien veces. Disfrute de la variedad de palabras existente en el lenguaje.

Consiga manuales de gramática y libros de texto de esta materia. Sea curioso y sea humilde. Viaje, si puede, al Reino Unido. Vea series de televisión antes que ponerse a ver una película de Chuck Norris je, je. Ponga subtítulos en versión original o en su lengua materna porque coincidirá conmigo en que madre no hay más que una. Una buena historia crea adicción. Finalmente, si ha llegado hasta aquí, hágame caso. Siga alguno de estos consejos, asista a clase y escuche a su profesor.

 

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EF.-

29032017

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versión en #PDF Archive.com:

https://document.li/c06v

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Classes are always first, examinations come afterwards

14 November 2015

classes-speaking-reading-writing-listening-asking-responding-interacting-attendance-taking-notes-are-first-sitting-an-exam-is-a-different-issue-twitter-eugenio-fouz-c8123

[cards via @someecards]

Reflections on pedagogy thanks to Rosie Tanner and Catherine Green

18 May 2014

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

 Imagen

Rosie Tanner and Catherine Green edited a coursebook for teachers of language Tasks for teacher education –A reflective approach- (Longman, 1998). Their book on pedagogy showed a lot of interesting points. They provided teachers with a great variety of texts, samples and drawings on topics such as the difference between error and mistake, reading views (skimming, scanning) or the importance of the movements of teachers inside the classroom. Through a funny map a teacher may see himself as a fly flying around their pupils or as a boring tired fly with no control over their learners. This point is almost anecdotic, but it made me think a lot on my moves in the classroom.

In the book, they suggest teachers to do plenty of activities in the class. And the more diversity of activies, the better. There are the classical four skills, namely reading, listening, writing and speaking– and consequently a good teacher should try practising them all.

There is some useful information on warming up a topic when the lesson begins, being aware of the students´s attitude, getting feedback from them, how to teach and practise grammar. I found some tasks having to do with the creative side, e.g, games of the type “find someone who…” or roleplaying, drawing maps, describing pictures, starting dialogues.

One must take into considerations many more points which have been analized in the coursebook: timing and planning lessons, how to teach grammar, use of the blackboard or teaching styles.

How not to write an essay

6 July 2013

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

Imagen

 

One of the four skills* to take into account when teaching a foreign language is writing. To write an essay teachers should provide students with opportunities to express themselves by writing short notes or opinions. Firstly, students might be asked to jot down some words about an easy topic to deal, for example, “are you for or against using mobile phones in public places?”. Also they would be expected to write a minimum of words- not too many, probably 40 or 60 words. Further on these students will be writing up to 100 words, hopefully.

Writing an essay or any long text is a hard job. To be a good writer one must be a better reader. Reading makes no sense without using dictionaries. Consequently, the good essayist must be a fanatic dictionary user.

It is advisable to write some drafts of what you want to say. Once you think your essay is done, revise it, checking and double checking silly mistakes or slips (*“he think” / “the thirst time” / “you visit me yesterday”, “people is worried”, “girls beautifuls”).

Keep in mind the idea that grammar is to be learnt continuously. On the other hand, a writer, a poet, a journalist covers lots of words. Without words there is no writing or communication.

When writing an essay one should try to think about the reader. One must be clear in his writing, express correctly and show more than one or two ideas. In other words, the student should make his writing interesting.

Most students don´t worry about linkers (moreover, therefore, nevertheless, however, then, later, secondly) and overuse certain conjunctions such as “AND”.  Taking a picture from the textbook the students were asked to describe and write about what they saw. Here you are an example of a wrong essay “In the picture there are two women and they are friends. They are smiling and I think that they are in the city of New York and they are in front of the river”.

And here another example “In this picture I can see two girls. I guess they are friends because it seems they are the same age. Behind them there is a beautiful landscape of a big city. It may be midday because of the sunlight

Style in writing helps too.

  

[*the four skills are: writing, reading, speaking and listening]

Teach & test

19 December 2012

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

One girl, Penélope C., was asked to draw her classroom and two students writing sentences on the board. This is what he did. The guy on the left must be me ;-)

One girl, Penélope C., was asked to draw her classroom and two students writing sentences on the board. This is what he did. The guy on the left must be myself 😉

I have just tried a different type language test from a new different teaching style. My focus is mainly on meaning. I want my students to understand what they are doing.

Among other activities in the test, the students must complete English words from which they are provided one or two initial letters and their Spanish meaning. We work with blocks of words by means of packs of photocopies. My students have to study and learn words and their meanings by heart.

Some of my students wrote their opinions about the new tests on a sheet of paper days ago. They confessed that some questions were not easy to understand. Also they noticed their lack of vocabulary to understand all  exercises. We both (students and teacher) must work harder with words and dictionaries.

Another point was grammar. Most students said that there was little room for grammar. And they are right, maybe I should have included a few more grammatical exercises.

The exam was too long, that´s true. There were too many exercises to do and not enough time. . This is something to be reconsidered.

The exercise on English culture was the most unpopular activity among students because they could not admit that learning the Christian name of the Queen of England or the author of Ulysses were interesting issues. On the other hand, I have the impression that they loved an exercise where they were asked to draw things such as their own desk, our classroom or their favourite gadgets, for example. (And some kids were really good at doing this).

The new tests included an English original text to be translated into Spanish language as well as short sentences to be translated into English.

There was an episode in the test named Classroom diary after our daily routines in class. I think this is important. The students see the relevance of paying attention to teachers and taking active part in class life.  There were questions on “functional language” or useful phrases and a short essay on a current topic, e.g. “write a note to your friend that you are leaving later from school” or “ advantages of having a mobile phone”.

Two more points were a reading comprehension text with questions on form and meaning and a strict exercise titled Basics focused on elementary aspects of language such as writing ordinal numbers, telling the time, listing the past participle forms of verbs, quoting all the possessive adjectives, etcetera.

Something that I have not included in these new tests was a listening comprehension text, namely a listening recording or a short dictation. I think this must be included next time.

I like

22 July 2012

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

 

(All Access Pass, Melanie´s blog´s photo )

Some ideas to get your students involved in class.

 

1/ write one sentence on the blackboard

[One student starts a dialogue with this sentence. A second student must follow the dialogue spontaneously. –Someone in the class plays the role of secretary and takes notes of everything these students say]

 

2/ show students a photograph or a cartoon and ask them to jot down some notes on their notebooks describing it

 

3/ a couple of students copy several revision exercises on the board

[The blackboard is divided in 2 parts to go faster. Exercises must be of the kind “fill in the missing information”, basics, meanings, transformation of verbal tenses in sentences, write these numbers, put the nouns in plural, look for the opposite forms, etcetera]

 

4/ ask everyone to draw anything in their notebooks : a mug of tea, an umbrella or whatever you suggest [Have a look at the best ones and show the best to the class making clear which is which]

 

5/ provide hand outs with the lyrics of songs unfinished (fill in the blanks activity) and play the song on the CD player twice or three times until they get the blanks filled. Then, get a Spanish translation of the song

 

6/ ask students to write short notes of around 50 words about any current topic such as Twitter, London Olympic Games 2012, etcetera ; or even simpler and easier, what are you doing this evening? do you have much homework to do?are you for mobile phones?

 

7/ do short dictations

 

8/ ask your students to copy English paragraphs and, using a bilingual dictionary, to do a Spanish translation

 

9/ read texts aloud about the English culture and traditions

 

10/ ask students to send you lots of stuff for the English language “moodle” tool

 

 


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