Posts Tagged ‘lexis’

My own syllabuses on English language

23 February 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

[Harry Styles, singer “OneDirection”]

A foreign language teacher should create his own syllabuses on grammar, lexis, pronunciation, readings, listenings, writing, et cetera. One of my students claimed one day in class they were being taught the same old things year after year (points of grammar, namely the present simple tense, the saxon genitive, some plural nouns) in a never-ending circle. Teachers were just following a formula according to the rules of programming. We have been learning foreign languages the same way we learnt everything by memorisation. I thought the student´s complaint was fair. Nowadays I try to teach something new every year.

A functional language syllabus might be as follows: 1.greetings (hello, hi, good morning, goodbye) 2.cardinal numbers from 1 to 10 (one, two) 3.how to tell the time (what time is it?) 4.days of the week 5.seasons of the year 6.how to say the date (February, 20th) 7.how to answer the phone (hello, this is Tom Smith / who is calling, please? 8.months of the year …

A lexical syllabus might be like this: 1.the English alphabet (a, b, c, d, e ) 2.colours (red, yellow, blue, green) 3.school stuff (book, pencil, dictionary, board, computers ) 5.people in school (teachers, students, secretary) 6.members of a family (father, mother, sister, brother, daughter) 7.clothes (shoes, socks, jeans, trousers, shirts, coats, jackets) …

A grammar syllabus should contain: 1.nouns (man, woman, subject, learning, student, school, examinations) 2.adjectives (shy, important, happy) 3.verbs (auxiliary verbs and lexical verbs) 4.adverbs (slowly, calmly, very, too, clearly) 5.prepositions (of, before, after, in, on) 6.pronouns (personal pronouns of subject) 7. skeleton of verbs (to read read read) 8.primary auxiliary verbs (to do, to have, to be) 9.modal auxiliary verbs (can, could, may, might, will, would) 10.regular lexical verbs (to play, to cry) 11.irregular lexical verbs (to put, to quit) 12.present simple tense of lexical verbs in the affirmative ( I speak English, she speaks Spanish) (to do, to be, to have) 13.personal pronouns of subject ( I, you, he, she ) 14.the four demonstratives (this, these, that, those) 15.articles (definite article -the-, indefinite article -a/an-) 16.saxon genitive (John´s room) 17.present simple tense of lexical verbs in the negative and interrogative (John does not like chocolate, Do you speak French?) …

(…)

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#PDF, via G.Drive

https://tinyurl.com/yxhdpw2o

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On knowledge and use of lexis

9 July 2015

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

tigres0701

[picture taken from @TheObjective_es]

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Text taken from page 32 at

Tim Falla and Paul A. Davies, Solutions

Upper-intermediate student´s book-

(Oxford)

“Although teenagers in the UK generally understand about 40,000 different words, the number of words they actually use is far smaller than you might think-sometimes only 800 words. An inability to distinguish between formal and informal language is almost worrying. Ever since the 1950s, speaking correct English has been nowhere near as important for teenagers as sounding cool.

But experts are worried that today´s teenagers are even worse at talking in formal situations than previous generations were.

The language that teenagers use is nothing like as varied as you would imagine, with the twenty commonest words representing about a third of all words spoken. And if you look at younger age groups, the situation is just as worrying: children are developing speech problems more and more frequently. Children watch a lot of TV, as do adults. This creates background noise; and the noisier their surroundings, the harder it is for babies to hear conversations around them.”

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