Posts Tagged ‘grammar’

7 musts in the learning of a foreign language

27 July 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

Which are the things you should learn in a foreign language?

 

First, I think I should learn the alphabet and vocabulary, that is to say, words from the new language and of course, their meanings. I should know how to say every word, how to pronounce them. This part has to do with phonetics. Whenever I learn a new word I feel the urgency to know how to write it (spelling, written language)

Second,grammar. What are the rules in that language. Why do we say or write “I do not like her” instead of saying  **“”I not like her”, for example. Being able to create my own messages following the rules of grammar. These rules include exceptions.

Third, I would like to learn functional language as well, I mean, practical and formulaic sentences to ask someone his name or his age as in “What is your name?” or “How old are you?”. There are plenty of singular expressions which belong to formulaic language such as idioms, slang, abbreviations or false friends, among many others.

Fourth, I would appreciate to know about syntax (order and relationships of elements in the discourse).

Fifth, I´d love to be an independent reader of literature and a good radio listener as well to work fluency in the foreign language besides the pleasure of reading inherent to a man of letters like me.

Sixth, being curious about culture (tradition, customs, people, geography, etcetera)

Seventh, practise language through the well-know four basic skills: reading, listening, writing, reading

 

 

 

Eugenio Fouz.-

27.7.2019

METHOD

 

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#PDF G-Drive

https://tinyurl.com/y2zk53ho

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Revision of grammar, listening to podcasts, learning vocabulary, etcetera (English language method)

24 May 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

Pascal in NYC tube

[Pedro Pascal, actor]

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METHODOLOGY:

Revise notions on the present simple tense:

conjugate verbs

fill in the missing words

pass to the negative form

complete the blanks with extra information

learn packs of new words, verbs, abbreviations, idioms, etc

read sentences in English language (translate them)

use functional language in the classroom,

namely “pass me your pencil, please!“, “can you spell that word?

 

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HOMEWORK:

 ask students to read short texts 

ask students to listen to podcasts

 

 

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METHOD

Mini tests dictated by the teacher

2 March 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

 

MINI TESTS dictated

The teacher dictates 3 or 4 exercises on BASICS, that is, vocabulary essentials, numbers, telling the time, formulaic language, verbs, idioms, conjugations, transformation of short sentences, et cetera) to be done immediately in the classroom by the students.

All the students are to stay sitting separately as if taking an examination, although the activity equals a simple test.

AIMS:

a/ check that your own teacher´s talk (pronunciation, intonation, English language) is clear.

b/ check the students´ s understanding as well as their knowledge of spelling, vocabulary and grammar

c/ check the students´s progress on elementary points, that is, see if they still have problems with any aspects of verbal tenses or vocabulary METHOD

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SAMPLE

  1. Write all months of the year in order. Make 2 sentences of  a minimum of 6 words using “June”, “her” in the present continuous tense negative
  2. Put these numbers in letters: 2nd / 12th / 15th / 20th / 23rd
  3. Conjugate the past simple tense of the verb TO SPELL in the interrogative form. Translate one form into Spanish
  4. Name 4 idioms from the wordlist from lesson 4 (cf. Aula Virtual / @moodle; PPA. Second term. Business English 2)

 

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“DICTATE: to say or read (something) aloud for another person to transcribe or for a machine to record: to dictate some letters to a secretary” (cf. Dictionary.com)

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#PDF via G.Drive

https://tinyurl.com/yyz8klgt

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My own syllabuses on English language

23 February 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

[Harry Styles, singer “OneDirection”]

A foreign language teacher should create his own syllabuses on grammar, lexis, pronunciation, readings, listenings, writing, et cetera. One of my students claimed one day in class they were being taught the same old things year after year (points of grammar, namely the present simple tense, the saxon genitive, some plural nouns) in a never-ending circle. Teachers were just following a formula according to the rules of programming. We have been learning foreign languages the same way we learnt everything by memorisation. I thought the student´s complaint was fair. Nowadays I try to teach something new every year.

A functional language syllabus might be as follows: 1.greetings (hello, hi, good morning, goodbye) 2.cardinal numbers from 1 to 10 (one, two) 3.how to tell the time (what time is it?) 4.days of the week 5.seasons of the year 6.how to say the date (February, 20th) 7.how to answer the phone (hello, this is Tom Smith / who is calling, please? 8.months of the year …

A lexical syllabus might be like this: 1.the English alphabet (a, b, c, d, e ) 2.colours (red, yellow, blue, green) 3.school stuff (book, pencil, dictionary, board, computers ) 5.people in school (teachers, students, secretary) 6.members of a family (father, mother, sister, brother, daughter) 7.clothes (shoes, socks, jeans, trousers, shirts, coats, jackets) …

A grammar syllabus should contain: 1.nouns (man, woman, subject, learning, student, school, examinations) 2.adjectives (shy, important, happy) 3.verbs (auxiliary verbs and lexical verbs) 4.adverbs (slowly, calmly, very, too, clearly) 5.prepositions (of, before, after, in, on) 6.pronouns (personal pronouns of subject) 7. skeleton of verbs (to read read read) 8.primary auxiliary verbs (to do, to have, to be) 9.modal auxiliary verbs (can, could, may, might, will, would) 10.regular lexical verbs (to play, to cry) 11.irregular lexical verbs (to put, to quit) 12.present simple tense of lexical verbs in the affirmative ( I speak English, she speaks Spanish) (to do, to be, to have) 13.personal pronouns of subject ( I, you, he, she ) 14.the four demonstratives (this, these, that, those) 15.articles (definite article -the-, indefinite article -a/an-) 16.saxon genitive (John´s room) 17.present simple tense of lexical verbs in the negative and interrogative (John does not like chocolate, Do you speak French?) …

(…)

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#PDF, via G.Drive

https://tinyurl.com/yxhdpw2o

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Verbal tenses in English language (Business English 1)

4 February 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

[Detachment, 2011. Dir. Tony Kaye. -Adrian Brody, actor]

Business English 1.-

1/02/2019

Verbal tenses

Present simple tense (LEXICALS)

Susan helps Peter with maths / John´s sister reads the newspaper everyday

I do not like beer / We do not understand that, teacher / Tom does not drink any tea

Do you speak English? / Do they live in Berlin?

 

Present simple tense (AUXILIARIES)

-to be, to have, to do- (PRIMARY AUXILIARY verbs)

-will, shall- (pure future)

-can could (ability, permission, possibility)

You are French / She is not Spanish, she is German / Carol is 14 years old

Have you got a book? –No, I haven´t / Have you got a dictionary of English? –Yes, I have

Are you happy? –Yes, I am / Is she your sister? –No, she isn´t

 

Present simple tense (AUXILIARIES) CAN COULD-PODER

Can you type?-No, I can´t / Can your brother type? – Yes, he can

Can I go to the toilet, please? –Yes, you can

(…)

Continue reading here: 

https://tinyurl.com/ybotevc8

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YouTube.-Detachment- [extract]

The best foreign languages teacher in my world

15 July 2018

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

[Daniel Day-Lewis, actor]

 

The best foreign languages teacher must

 

1/ be a good reader

2/ be a good radio and podcast listener

3/ use dictionaries almost obsessively

4/ learn culture issues (geography, physics, history, maths, traditions)

5/ be an exquisite fanatic of something singular: literature and poetry, for example

6/ study English language everyday (theory)

7/ understand any kind of written text, video or audio in the foreign language

8/ focus on specific aspects of anything – i.e., Business English, Communication, Language, Journalism

9/ use new tools

10/ master the essentials of language: grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation

 

11/ follow good methods to learn and teach the subject

12/ be honest

13/ move, change, question himself and his strategies on a regular basis

14/ speak good English

 

15/ always explain matters slowly and clear

16/ use old tools

17/ do plenty of exercises on his own (practice)

18/ be a devoted teacher

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The end of grammar & spelling is near!

11 January 2018

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

just read on Twitter via @eNotes

6 ways to improve communication in an interview (English)

10 May 2017

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

  1. Use functional language, that is, say things such as “I don´t think so”, “yes, please”, “if so, let me know”
  2. Make sure of knowledge of basics: the time, the alphabet, formulaic language-say thanks, respond to thanks, introduce someone, spell words-, say numbers
  3. Be good at grammar, namely verbal tenses, conjugations, elements in a phrase, connectors, etcétera
  4. Learn, save and master plenty of vocabulary (words, expressions, verbs, adverbs, pronouns, varied adjectives, demonstratives)
  5. Be curious about idioms, false friends, acronyms, Latin abbreviations, mottoes, Slang expressions and Cockney
  6. Manage an acceptable standard pronunciation

Eugenio Fouz.- 100517

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#PDF

https://tinyurl.com/y2eudq3h

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Ten tips for modern students of English language

20 January 2017

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

tumblr_ojl9lismf71u69acqo1_1280

10 tips for modern students

of

English language

1.get used to listen to BBC radio alive, e.g: BBC5live while doing some other tasks

2.select, watch, listen and read two or three pieces of news from euronews twice a week

3.download a couple of BBC podcasts from the learning section at http://www.bbc.co.uk/podcasts every week

4.pick up some news from The Huffington Post UK, The Independent or The Daily Mail

5.start an account on social links such as twitter, facebook, G+, LinkedIn to practise interaction

6.always study handbooks of grammar and vocabulary

7.try adapted readers (Oxford Bookworms, Burlington, Itaca, Collins, Penguin)

8.get a good bilingual dictionary and use it

9.go to the United Kingdom whenever you have the opportunity

10.make British friends and talk to them very often. Use skype, facebook, twitter or any other social link to keep in touch

E.F.-200117

The After Exam Page (1.4) for Business English 1

16 December 2016

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

auster-644x362

THE AFTER EXAM PAGE

Business English 1

1.4

FIRST TERM- [EXAM 30]

  1. Revise the names of countries: Germany (Alemania), France (Francia), Poland (Polonia), Denmark (Dinamarca), Spain (España) . People who live in those countries are called like these: the Germans (alemanes / los alemanes), the French (franceses / los franceses), the Polish (polacos), the Danish (daneses), the Spanish (españoles)
  2. Do not forget October when you write the months of the year. Remember that there are twelve months. November is written exactly like that: November. Do not confuse foreign languages such as French and English. [foreign.extranjero]
  3. Cardinal numbers are one, two, three, four, … fifteen (fiveteen is not a number. It doesn´t exist) . Ordinal numbers are first, second, third, fourth, fifth
  4. Study, learn, memorize abbreviations from the handouts or packs of papers: @.at (arroba) , COD.cash on delivery (pago contra-reembolso), asap.as soon as possible (tan pronto como sea posible)
  5. Be ready to learn words, verbs and expressions from the PDF linked on @moodle (Aula Virtual)
  6. Basics is a kind of exercise you will have to do perfectly well. Read and reread all the basics: pronouns, vocabulary lists of words and verbs, how to tell the time, numbers, etcetera
  7. You should be able to conjugate verbs in the present tense and the past tense in Spanish and English. Practise conjugations in your notebook. [should.debería] [be able.ser capaz]
  8. Example of conjugation:

I do not understand / you do not understand / he does not understand / we do not            understand / you do not understand / they do not understand (ellas no entienden)

  1. Write clear. Make your letters, words and expressions easy to read.
  2. Do not use extremely small letters in a paper exam, please! **

Be good & good luck!

EF.-121216

 


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