Posts Tagged ‘grammar’

Paul J. Silvia writes a guide on academic writing

18 July 2020

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

Paul J. Silvia, How to Write a Lot: A Practical Guide to Productive Academic Writing. Washington DC: American Psychological Association, 2007

Think about your week: Are there some hours that are generally free every week? If you teach on Tuesdays and Thursdays, maybe Monday and Wednesday morn- ings are good times to write.” (Silvia, 2007), page 13

 

Paul J. Silvia recommends to set some specific, attainable objectives:

“_Write at least 200 words.
_Print the first draft I finished yesterday, read it, and revise it.
_Make a new list of project goals and write them on my whiteboard.
_Write the first three paragraphs of the general discussion.
_Add missing references and then reconcile the citations and references.
_Reread chapters 22 and 24 from Zinsser (2001) to recharge my writing batteries.
_Finish the “Setting Goals” section that I started yesterday.
_Brainstorm and then make an outline for a new manuscript.
_Reread the reviewers’ comments of my paper and make a list of things to change.
_Correct the page proofs and mail them back.”(page 32)

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There is a difference between writing academically and doing a first draft. See: “WRITE FIRST, REVISE LATER
Generating text and revising text are distinct parts of writing-don’t do both at once. The goal of text generation is to throw confused, wide-eyed words on a page; the goal of text revision is to scrub the words clean so that they sound nice and make sense.”(page 75)

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How to be good at English (11-20 tips)

1 July 2020

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

[seen on @Tumblr by malastampa]

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How to be good at English (11-20 tips)

11.Get involved in some social media (@Facebook, @Instagram, @WhatsApp) where you will find out texts, videos, things written and spoken mostly in English.

12.Always pay attention to grammar.

13.Brush up conjugation of verbs.

14.Be curious about the British culture.

15.Learn abbreviations (asap, &c, IOU, OK, vs., etc.)

16.Vocabulary is an indispensable tool in any language. No words, no communication. Words make meaningful conversations possible.

17.If you agree on the universal truth that dictionaries are useful, use them. In case you don´t agree, use them anyway.

18.Practice. Do lots of exercises.

19.Take notes, write drafts of emails, opinions, letters, descriptions, et cetera.

20.Read. Read lots of texts. Read letters, articles, newspapers, comic strips, magazines, lyrics, poetry, drama, novels. Read graded readers as well.

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@Instagram

seen on Instagram by @FuchsOrit

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How to be good at English (1-10 tips)

25 June 2020

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

How to be good at English (1.10 tips)

1.Grammar- basics: know personal pronouns of object, demonstratives, articles, possessive adjectives.
2.Be good at saying numbers (written form as well).
3.Greeting spellings (bye, cheers, thank you).
4.Avoid the typical mistake of the missing s ending or es ending for the 3rd person singular of the simple present tense.
5.Know the exceptions to the rule. Do not say **I have hungry when you mean I am hungry.
6.Study and learn phrasal verbs, synonyms, antonyms, words, etcetera.
7.Study the rules.
8.Learn the exceptions.
9.English language is made up of four rules and forty exceptions. The student who masters these forty exceptions is the best speaker of English.
10.You should be familiar with false friends in English language and in life 😉

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Eugenio Fouz.-

25.6.2020

Present perfect tense vs. present perfect continuous tense

25 May 2020

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

 “Be careful!. Think before you talk!” (@Tumblr)

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-via esl dot com-

Dynamics in the classroom (English language)

7 October 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

[Tom Berenger, “The substitute”, 1996. Dir. Robert Mandel]

ENGLISH LANGUAGE DYNAMICS in the classroom

-Teacher´s Notes-

1/ GRAMMAR: skeleton of verbs: samples ( 2 verbs) – programming of 44 specific points (demonstratives, plural of nouns, present simple tense)

2/ read words (wordlist PACK); take notes

3/ NOTEBOOK time – correction on BOARD – WRITING

4/ BOOK- show and do exercises + AUDIOS –LISTENING; WRITING

5/ visit AV (@moodle) – right there (in the classroom)

6/ sample sentences (sms): My name is … BOARD I am fourteen – GRAMMAR; SYNTAX; VOCABULARY Hello, good morning

7/ revise BASICS: (just certain elements) reminder alphabet (spell 3 words) numbers (remember how to write number 14? and 40?) colours make sentences in the IMPERATIVE grammar syllabus vocabulary (idioms, false friends)

8/ PPA (Parallel Papers) – have a look at some papers. Read them. Explain, show, check they have understood

9/ exercises WRITING

10/ FUNCTIONAL LANGUAGE (teacher´s eavesdropping.-try to get their mother language phrases into my bloc and pass them into English language myself)

11/ READING texts aloud

12/ Q. A (Question & Answer) – oral assessment

13 / HOMEWORK

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E. Fouz.-

7/10719

METHOD

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#PDF

https://tinyurl.com/yxdr4v2o

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7 musts in the learning of a foreign language

27 July 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

Which are the things you should learn in a foreign language?

 

First, I think I should learn the alphabet and vocabulary, that is to say, words from the new language and of course, their meanings. I should know how to say every word, how to pronounce them. This part has to do with phonetics. Whenever I learn a new word I feel the urgency to know how to write it (spelling, written language)

Second,grammar. What are the rules in that language. Why do we say or write “I do not like her” instead of saying  **“”I not like her”, for example. Being able to create my own messages following the rules of grammar. These rules include exceptions.

Third, I would like to learn functional language as well, I mean, practical and formulaic sentences to ask someone his name or his age as in “What is your name?” or “How old are you?”. There are plenty of singular expressions which belong to formulaic language such as idioms, slang, abbreviations or false friends, among many others.

Fourth, I would appreciate to know about syntax (order and relationships of elements in the discourse).

Fifth, I´d love to be an independent reader of literature and a good radio listener as well to work fluency in the foreign language besides the pleasure of reading inherent to a man of letters like me.

Sixth, being curious about culture (tradition, customs, people, geography, etcetera)

Seventh, practise language through the well-know four basic skills: reading, listening, writing, reading

 

 

 

Eugenio Fouz.-

27.7.2019

METHOD

 

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#PDF G-Drive

https://tinyurl.com/y2zk53ho

Revision of grammar, listening to podcasts, learning vocabulary, etcetera (English language method)

24 May 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

Pascal in NYC tube

[Pedro Pascal, actor]

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METHODOLOGY:

Revise notions on the present simple tense:

conjugate verbs

fill in the missing words

pass to the negative form

complete the blanks with extra information

learn packs of new words, verbs, abbreviations, idioms, etc

read sentences in English language (translate them)

use functional language in the classroom,

namely “pass me your pencil, please!“, “can you spell that word?

 

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HOMEWORK:

 ask students to read short texts 

ask students to listen to podcasts

 

 

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METHOD

Mini tests dictated by the teacher

2 March 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

 

MINI TESTS dictated

The teacher dictates 3 or 4 exercises on BASICS, that is, vocabulary essentials, numbers, telling the time, formulaic language, verbs, idioms, conjugations, transformation of short sentences, et cetera) to be done immediately in the classroom by the students.

All the students are to stay sitting separately as if taking an examination, although the activity equals a simple test.

AIMS:

a/ check that your own teacher´s talk (pronunciation, intonation, English language) is clear.

b/ check the students´ s understanding as well as their knowledge of spelling, vocabulary and grammar

c/ check the students´s progress on elementary points, that is, see if they still have problems with any aspects of verbal tenses or vocabulary METHOD

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SAMPLE

  1. Write all months of the year in order. Make 2 sentences of  a minimum of 6 words using “June”, “her” in the present continuous tense negative
  2. Put these numbers in letters: 2nd / 12th / 15th / 20th / 23rd
  3. Conjugate the past simple tense of the verb TO SPELL in the interrogative form. Translate one form into Spanish
  4. Name 4 idioms from the wordlist from lesson 4 (cf. Aula Virtual / @moodle; PPA. Second term. Business English 2)

 

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“DICTATE: to say or read (something) aloud for another person to transcribe or for a machine to record: to dictate some letters to a secretary” (cf. Dictionary.com)

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#PDF via G.Drive

https://tinyurl.com/yyz8klgt

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My own syllabuses on English language

23 February 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

[Harry Styles, singer “OneDirection”]

A foreign language teacher should create his own syllabuses on grammar, lexis, pronunciation, readings, listenings, writing, et cetera. One of my students claimed one day in class they were being taught the same old things year after year (points of grammar, namely the present simple tense, the saxon genitive, some plural nouns) in a never-ending circle. Teachers were just following a formula according to the rules of programming. We have been learning foreign languages the same way we learnt everything by memorisation. I thought the student´s complaint was fair. Nowadays I try to teach something new every year.

A functional language syllabus might be as follows: 1.greetings (hello, hi, good morning, goodbye) 2.cardinal numbers from 1 to 10 (one, two) 3.how to tell the time (what time is it?) 4.days of the week 5.seasons of the year 6.how to say the date (February, 20th) 7.how to answer the phone (hello, this is Tom Smith / who is calling, please? 8.months of the year …

A lexical syllabus might be like this: 1.the English alphabet (a, b, c, d, e ) 2.colours (red, yellow, blue, green) 3.school stuff (book, pencil, dictionary, board, computers ) 5.people in school (teachers, students, secretary) 6.members of a family (father, mother, sister, brother, daughter) 7.clothes (shoes, socks, jeans, trousers, shirts, coats, jackets) …

A grammar syllabus should contain: 1.nouns (man, woman, subject, learning, student, school, examinations) 2.adjectives (shy, important, happy) 3.verbs (auxiliary verbs and lexical verbs) 4.adverbs (slowly, calmly, very, too, clearly) 5.prepositions (of, before, after, in, on) 6.pronouns (personal pronouns of subject) 7. skeleton of verbs (to read read read) 8.primary auxiliary verbs (to do, to have, to be) 9.modal auxiliary verbs (can, could, may, might, will, would) 10.regular lexical verbs (to play, to cry) 11.irregular lexical verbs (to put, to quit) 12.present simple tense of lexical verbs in the affirmative ( I speak English, she speaks Spanish) (to do, to be, to have) 13.personal pronouns of subject ( I, you, he, she ) 14.the four demonstratives (this, these, that, those) 15.articles (definite article -the-, indefinite article -a/an-) 16.saxon genitive (John´s room) 17.present simple tense of lexical verbs in the negative and interrogative (John does not like chocolate, Do you speak French?) …

(…)

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#PDF, via G.Drive

https://tinyurl.com/yxhdpw2o

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Verbal tenses in English language (Business English 1)

4 February 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

[Detachment, 2011. Dir. Tony Kaye. -Adrian Brody, actor]

Business English 1.-

1/02/2019

Verbal tenses

Present simple tense (LEXICALS)

Susan helps Peter with maths / John´s sister reads the newspaper everyday

I do not like beer / We do not understand that, teacher / Tom does not drink any tea

Do you speak English? / Do they live in Berlin?

 

Present simple tense (AUXILIARIES)

-to be, to have, to do- (PRIMARY AUXILIARY verbs)

-will, shall- (pure future)

-can could (ability, permission, possibility)

You are French / She is not Spanish, she is German / Carol is 14 years old

Have you got a book? –No, I haven´t / Have you got a dictionary of English? –Yes, I have

Are you happy? –Yes, I am / Is she your sister? –No, she isn´t

 

Present simple tense (AUXILIARIES) CAN COULD-PODER

Can you type?-No, I can´t / Can your brother type? – Yes, he can

Can I go to the toilet, please? –Yes, you can

(…)

Continue reading here: 

https://tinyurl.com/ybotevc8

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YouTube.-Detachment- [extract]


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