Posts Tagged ‘ESL 1’

Practice on conjugation of verbs (three verb tenses)

14 February 2016

twitter: @eugenio_fouz


[seen on @Pinterest]





Present Simple tense (AFF)

I wash, you wash, she washes (ella lava), we wash, you wash, they wash

Present Simple tense (NEG)

I do not understand, you do not understand, she does not understand, we do not understand (nosotros no entendemos), you do not understand, they do not understand

Past Simple tense (AFF)

I saw, you saw, she saw, we saw, you saw, they saw (ellas vieron / ellas veían)

Past Simple tense (INT)

Did I phone?, did you phone, did he phone? (¿telefoneó él?), did we phone? did you phone? did they phone?

Future Simple tense (AFF)

I will learn, you will learn (tú aprenderás), he will learn, we will learn, you will learn, they will learn

Future Simple tense (NEG)

I will not learn / I won ́t learn, you will not learn, she will not learn, we will not learn, you will not learn, they will not learn




TO BE WAS/WERE BEEN: ser, estar CAN COULD: poder
MUST “HAD TO”: deber

Present Simple tense (AFF)

I am, you are, she is, we are, you are (vosotras sóis), they are

Past Simple tense (AFF)

I was, you were, she was, we were, they were (ellas eran)

Future Simple tense (INT)

Will I be?, will you be?, will she be? (¿será ella?), will we be, will you be? will they be?


Eugenio Fouz.-10022016


Functional language (FL).-ESL 1 (1.1)

4 December 2015

twitter: @eugenio_fouz



Functional language.- ESL 1 (1.1)

Good morning! Morning! …………………….
Good afternoon! Afternoon! -¡Buenas tardes! (12 pm – 6 pm)

Good evening! –¡Buenas tardes (noches)! (6 pm-12 am) / Good night!-¡Hasta mañana!

Hello! Hi! – ……………

Bye bye! Goodbye! ………………. See you! ……………

Hello! How are you?-Hola, ¿cómo estás?
I ́m fine, thanks! / Not bad!- …………………………………

How do you do! How do you do!-¿Cómo está usted? ………………….

Nice to meet you! / Pleased to meet you!-………………………..

Thank you! / Thanks! / Many thanks! / Thank you very much!

– Gracias

You ́re welcome! / Any time! / It ́s alright! / Not at all!
No problem!- ………………………..


spring summer autumn winter – primavera verano ………….. …….

Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday

– lunes, martes, …………………………………………………………..


[see link to #PDF below]


30 November 2015

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

Lanesborough prep scho


ESL 1 (1.2)



Remember this: the days of the week and the months of the year are written in capital letters. Therefore do not write “monday” but Monday.

When you take an examination or write any message in Spanish avoid using the English rules for orthography. English language is different from Spanish language. In Spanish we do not write “Martes” but martes, miércoles.

Also, we use the symbol ¿ in the beginning of a question and ¿ at the end. E.g: ¿Dónde vive ella? is correct writing. “Dónde vive ella?” is wrong writing.

Some English words may be confusing. See the incorrect spelling below: “ballpen”, “nineth”, “good bye”, “fiveteen”

The correct spelling is as follows: ball pen, ninth, goodbye, fifteen.

Ball pen consists of 2 words, goodbye consists of 1 word

In the present simple tense there is only one “s/es” mark for the 3rd person singular which only occurs once:

“Does John ́s sister likes reading?” is wrong, whereas Does John ́s sister like reading is right.

In some exercises you are told to write the four demonstratives and their meaning what implies that you must do both things, not one of them.

This.este, esta, esto / these.estos, estas / that.ese, esa, eso, aquel, aquella, aquello / those.esos, esas, aquellos, aquellas

To conjugate a verb in English you will be required to translate one form into Spanish language in order to show that you understand the verbal tense you are conjugating. So, for example:

Conjugate the present simple tense in the negative form of the verb TO BUY. Translate one form into Spanish, you should do something like this:

I do not buy / you do not buy / she does not buy / we do not buy (nosotros no compramos) / you do not buy / they do not buy

Another issue here: if you start the conjugation of a verb using contracted forms, be coherent and continue with the use of contracted forms. Never mix both forms. This is what you MUST NOT do: “ I don ́t buy / you don ́t buy / she does not buy / we don ́t buy”…

The infinitive form of a verb is preceded by the particle TO. This particle is the signal that it is a pure form.

to speak.hablar to sell.vender

The skeleton of a verb consists of 3 elements: infinitive, past and past participle See: To speak (infinitive) spoke (past) spoken (past participle)

[skeleton.enunciado, presentación]

I have seen conjugation of verbs where students write: “I to go / you to go” … and that is absolutely wrong. See the way to do things correctly above.

On this second control, some students still haven ́t learnt to write Thursday and tend to write “Thuesday” which is wrong. Learn once and for all the seven days of the week.

Monday / Tuesday / Wednesday / Thursday / Friday / Saturday / Sunday

Monday / Tuesday / Wednesday / Thursday / Friday / Saturday / Sunday

Monday / Tuesday / Wednesday / Thursday / Friday / Saturday / Sunday

Copy these as many times as necessary.

A typical mistake people make is using the double negative form in English. This does not exist. In English we only do the negation once, like this:

I do not understand anything or I understand nothing

There is confusion between the personal pronouns of object (me, you, him/her/it, us, you, them) and the possessive adjectives (my, your, his/her/its, our, your, their). Possessive adjectives never go alone. These always need a noun after them. See: my book is red, your sister loves me.

It is wrong saying or writing this: “I don ́t have got a laptop”

You should say: I haven ́t got a laptop or I don ́t have a laptop, instead

[instead.en su lugar]

If you are using the present simple tense do not mix the verb TO BE here as if you were about to do a present continuous tense. I have read: “I am miss” which is not right. The correct form for the present simple tense is this: I miss

Do not answer the same exercise twice in the examination paper

Revise BASICS (ordinal numbers, demonstratives, pronouns, vocabulary, etcétera)

Visit @moodle at least once a week

Read some texts in English, listen to podcasts from the BBC, use dictionaries


Be good & good luck!



Journalism As Literature

A graduate seminar at the University of Florida


Elements of True Gentlemen


Disentería literaria


El primer blog de Garrafón en habla hispana

A Guy's Moleskine Notebook

Books. Reflections. Travel.


crear siempre, aprender y guardar la llama