Posts Tagged ‘English language’

i ´ ve got a crush on language mannerisms

25 May 2017

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

i ´  ve got a crush on language mannerisms like these:

What are … Proverbs, Sayings, Aphorisms, Idioms, Puns, etc.

via smart-words.org

Here is a list of definitions (with examples), which helps to understand the difference between these terms.

It is common to find different words existing in English to represent similar ideas. It is an frequent characteristic of a language with a long history. There are a number of specific types of saying, of which proverb is probably the best known. However, the distinction between them is often pretty vague.

Adage.- An aphorism that has that has gained credit through long use.

Example: Where there’s smoke, there’s fire.

Aphorism.-A tersely, memorable phrased statement of a truth or opinion; an adage.

[from Greek aphorismos, from aphorizein, to delimit, define. Apo- (1. Away from; off; Separate. 2. Without 3. Related to) + Horizein (limit, boundary)]

Example: He’s a fool who cannot conceal his wisdom.

Cliché.- An overly commonplace, banal or trite saying, expression or idea. Sometimes the terms stereotype or platitude are used as a synonym.

Clichés can be defined as preconceived twists, hackneyed and worn out by too frequent use of images, modes of expression, speech and thought patterns. These are often used thoughtlessly and without individual conviction.

Example: All Americans are very open.

Epigram.- A concise, clever, often paradoxical statement, thought or observation; sometimes expressed as a short, witty poem.

Example: The only way to get rid of temptation is to yield to it.

Epithet.- A descriptive term (= word or phrase) used to characterize a person or thing, that has become popular is commonly understood.

Example: The Great Emancipator — as a term for Abraham Lincoln. (…)

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Continue reading the whole text by clicking on the link below:

http://www.smart-words.org/quotes-sayings/aphorism-proverb-idiom-saying-pun.html

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#PDF-Archive.com

http://tinyurl.com/mc9s7mr

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NOTE:

I love so much these issues that I have posted this latest as a duplicate in this blog dated on the 22nd November 2016 under the title “Proverbs, sayings, idioms, adages”

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6 ways to improve communication in an interview (English)

10 May 2017

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

  1. Use functional language, that is, say things such as “I don´t think so”, “yes, please”, “if so, let me know”
  2. Make sure of knowledge of basics: the time, the alphabet, formulaic language-say thanks, respond to thanks, introduce someone, spell words-, say numbers
  3. Be good at grammar, namely verbal tenses, conjugations, elements in a phrase, connectors, etcétera
  4. Learn, save and master plenty of vocabulary (words, expressions, verbs, adverbs, pronouns, varied adjectives, demonstratives)
  5. Be curious about idioms, false friends, acronyms, Latin abbreviations, mottoes, Slang expressions and Cockney
  6. Manage an acceptable standard pronunciation

Eugenio Fouz.- 100517

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#PDF

http://tinyurl.com/kdqcedt

How to say and write the date in English language

1 April 2017

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

[Woodward,- seen on @facebook]

Conjugador reverso de verbos en inglés

8 March 2017

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

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Una website de conjugador de verbos en inglés. Muestra de conjugación del verbo TO MAKE MADE MADE (hacer, fabricar)

Muestra del verbo to make: 

Indicative

Present
I make
you make
he/she/it makes
we make
you make
they make

Preterite 
I made
you made
he/she/it made
we made
you made
they made

Infinitive

to make

Imperative

make
let’s make
make

Participle

Present
making

Past
made

In English, the conjugated forms are the same for the following persons: you, we and they.

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http://conjugador.reverso.net/conjugacion-ingles-verbo-forget.html

Certain questions you can find in examinations of language

1 March 2017

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

A pencil and a crossword puzzle.

 

 

Ask: pregunte

Answer: responda

Draw a house with four windows: dibuje una casa con cuatro ventanas

Make questions for these answers: haga preguntas para estas respuestas

Translate these sentences into Spanish: traduzca estas oraciones al castellano

Give the meaning of these expressions: dé el significado de estas expresiones

**

Choose the right option: elija la opción correcta

Circle: rodee con un círculo

Match letters with numbers: asocie letras y números

Write: escriba

Circle T for True: rodee con un círculo la T si elige verdadero

Translate into Spanish: traduzca al castellano

Pass into English: pase al inglés

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Translation: traducción

Dictation: dictado

Listening: audio (ejercicio de escucha)

Reading comprehension: lectura comprensiva

Read the text: lea el texto

Answer the questions: conteste a las preguntas

Essay: redacción

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Fill in the missing information: complete la información que falta

Basics: básicos (números, gramática, vocabulario)

Functional language: lenguaje funcional (lenguaje práctico)

Write cardinal numbers … in letters: escriba los números cardinales … en letra

Give your opinion about the following topic...: opine sobre el tema siguiente…

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Conjugate the present perfect tense in the negative form of the verb TO KNOW: conjugue el pretérito perfecto compuesto en forma negativa del verbo TO KNOW

Make one sentence using ME: haga una oración utilizando ME

Underline the right option: subraye la opción correcta

What would you do if ..?: ¿qué haría usted si …?

Write all three forms of these verbs… : escriba las tres formas de estos verbos

(…)

[If you are reading this post and have some new types of questions asked in examinations of language, please share them. Your comments are welcome]

EF.-270217

ESL fast, a great website for English language speakers

12 February 2017

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

santos-angeles-tertulia

“La tertulia” (óleo de Ángeles Santos Torroella.

-Museo Reina Sofía, Madrid)

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ESL fast.com 

Sample of small talk:

http://www.eslfast.com/robot/topics/smalltalk/smalltalk.htm

Excellent website for English language speakers. It provides students

with podcasts and audio scripts. Specific for short dialogues.

***

GREETINGS:

http://www.eslfast.com/robot/topics/smalltalk/smalltalk01.htm

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WEATHER:

http://www.eslfast.com/robot/topics/smalltalk/smalltalk04.htm

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DESCRIBING PEOPLE:

http://www.eslfast.com/robot/topics/smalltalk/smalltalk06.htm

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LEISURE ACTIVITIES:

http://www.eslfast.com/robot/topics/smalltalk/smalltalk10.htm

etcetera (…)

How to describe an image

12 February 2017

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

two-shirts-and-worn-out-jeans

 Have a look at the image.

Is is a photograph? a painting? graffiti?

  1. Find out the topic: love, summer holidays, shopping, family life, school days
  2. Say exactly what you see in the picture (focus on one or two main points: the main character, a man or a girl, a landscape, a pet or a cell phone)
  3. Do not ignore the background. Show the details: colour, light, books, tools
  4. Give your personal impression. Be subjective.

 

To sum up:

 

TOPIC

The real thing

Details

Personal

 

More:

Use rich vocabulary (do not repeat words or expressions, if possible)

When you speak try to be clear enough to be understood by anyone

Separate words

Take care of intonation (you do not ask a question the same way you describe a picture)

Speak good English

Eugenio Fouz

7022017

“What is the best description of a kiss in literature ever?”(Nick du Plessis)

27 January 2017

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

kiss

Quora.com might be the ideal website for reading.

There one comes across short pieces of literature.

See:

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What is the best description of a kiss in literature ever?

Nick du Plessis, Chainreader.

Written Dec 2, 2014

“I’ve been kissed by men who did a very good job. But they don’t give kissing their whole attention. They can’t. No matter how hard they try parts of their minds are on something else. Missing the last bus—or their chances of making the gal—or their own techniques in kissing—or maybe worry about jobs, or money, or will husband or papa or the neighbors catch on. Mike doesn’t have technique . . . but when Mike kisses you he isn’t doing anything else. You’re his whole universe . . . and the moment is eternal because he doesn’t have any plans and isn’t going anywhere. Just kissing you.”  

Robert A. Heinlein, from Stranger in a Strange Land

Not the greatest ever but you kind of had to be there when this book was more widely read.

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https://www.quora.com/?prevent_redirect=1

[read on Quora.com]

Twenty pages on behaviour, attendance and some other stuff at school

2 December 2016

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

doublethins

A pack of 20 pages for students of English language

via

@SlideShare @LinkedIn

See also the PDF edition below

via

#PDF-Archive.com

4 pages

https://document.li/3118

Proverbs, sayings, idioms, adages

22 November 2016

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

j0441329

NOTE

efnotebloc.wordpress.com 25.05.2017

I have just realized there is a duplicate of this post under the title: i´ve got a crush on language mannerisms (efnotebloc, 25.05.2017)

I copy the disclaimer from smart-words.org here:

“The content of these sites (NO ads, advertisement, popups) were provided with the greatest possible care. A warranty, liability, or a guarantee for the correctness, topicality, or completeness of the content provided is excluded. This applies also to all other websites, which are referred to via a link.
The content of this internet appearance can be subject to changes or additions of available contents without announcement!
These web-sites do not employ Java, Java-Script or Cookies.
Since the popular “Like”-Buttons from Facebook, Google+, Twitter and other social media focused websites, provide their “creators” with a lot of data about the person who uses them, they are absent on this domain. My apologies for any inconvenience!
Dr. Heiko Possel | Heresbachstraße 12 | D-40223 Düsseldorf | asinine@connexin.net “

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Note the excellent definitions found out on the net via smart-words.org.

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What are … Proverbs, Sayings, Aphorisms, Idioms, Puns, etc.

via smart–words. org

 

Here is a list of definitions (with examples), which helps to understand the difference between these terms.

It is common to find different words existing in English to represent similar ideas. It is an frequent characteristic of a language with a long history. There are a number of specific types of saying, of which proverb is probably the best known. However, the distinction between them is often pretty vague.

Adage.-An aphorism that has that has gained credit through long use.

Example: Where there’s smoke, there’s fire.

Aphorism.-A tersely, memorable phrased statement of a truth or opinion; an adage.

[from Greek aphorismos, from aphorizein, to delimit, define. Apo- (1. Away from; off; Separate. 2. Without 3. Related to) + Horizein (limit, boundary)]

Example: He’s a fool who cannot conceal his wisdom.

Cliché.-An overly commonplace, banal or trite saying, expression or idea. Sometimes the terms stereotype or platitude are used as a synonym.

Clichés can be defined as preconceived twists, hackneyed and worn out by too frequent use of images, modes of expression, speech and thought patterns. These are often used thoughtlessly and without individual conviction.

Example: All Americans are very open.

Epigram.-A concise, clever, often paradoxical statement, thought or observation; sometimes expressed as a short, witty poem.

Example: The only way to get rid of temptation is to yield to it.

Epithet.-A descriptive term (= word or phrase) used to characterize a person or thing, that has become popular is commonly understood.

Example: The Great Emancipator — as a term for Abraham Lincoln.

Folklore.-The term in the narrower sense means oral lore of a group of people. In the broader sense folklore describes the totality of ” demotic ” traditions. It often has religious or mythical elements.

See also: myth, (urban) legend, tale, oral tradition.

[From Old English – folk = “people” and lore = “tradition” or “knowledge”]

Therefore folklore literally means “knowledge of the people” or “tradition of the people”.

Gnome.-A pithy saying that expresses a general truth, fundamental principle or an instruction in a compact form (usually taken from ancient literature or poems); an aphorism.

[Greek: from gignoskein, to know]

Example: Moderation is the best thing (by Cleobulus of Lindos; circa 600 BC)

Idiom.-An expression that is peculiar to itself grammatically or cannot be understood from the individual meanings of the words. Quite a few idioms are language specific, and thus diificult to translate.

Example: A cold day in Hell

Hyperbole.-A figure of speech (or any rhetorical device) in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect, mostly beyond credibility.

[Greek huperbol, exaggeration, from: huper (= beyond) and ballein (= to throw)]

It is encountered in casual speech, as in — “I could sleep for a year” — “This book weighs a ton.”

Mantra.-Originated in the Vedic tradition of India; a mantra is now a religious or mystical sound, syllable or poetic phrase used in prayers and during meditation.

Example: Haro Hara [huh’-roh huh’-ruh] — bestows knowledge of intuitive truth.

Maxim.-Compared with its approximate synonyms: saying, adage, saw, motto, epigram, proverb, aphorism, the term maxim stresses the succinct formulation of a fundamental principle, general truth, or rule of conduct.

[Latin: maximus, “greatest”, via the expression maxima propositio, “greatest premise”.]

Example: Neither a borrower nor a lender be.

Motto.-A brief statement used to express a principle, a motivation, a goal, or an ideal.

Examples: Be Prepared (Girlguiding UK); Fidelity, Bravery, Integrity (FBI).

Phrasal verb.-An English verb and one or more following particles (e.g. a preposition or adverb); the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb thus acting as a complete syntactic and semantic unit.

Example: The new teacher passes for a linguist.

Proverb.-A simple and short saying, widely known, often metaphorical, which expresses a basic truth or practical precept, based on common sense or cultural experience.

Example: Honesty is the best policy.

Pun.-This is a form of word play that exploits multiple meanings of words (or of similar-sounding words) for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect.

Example: A fool with a tool is still a fool.

Quip.-A clever or witty observation or remark, with a tendency to descend into sarcasm, or otherwise is short of point.

[Latin: quippe = “indeed” – meaning: smart remark]

Example: Better a witty fool than a foolish wit.

Quotation.-This is a repetition — literally taken over from another text or speech and explicitly attributed by a citation. Quotes, whose original context is lost and can no longer be reconstructed, are named fragments.

Example: “Give me six hours to chop down a tree and I will spend the first four sharpening the axe.” (Abraham Lincoln)

Saying.-A short well-known expression — a pithy remark of wisdom and truth or a general advice.

Example: The road to hell is paved with good intentions.

Saw.-An old familiar saying that is commonplace, longstanding and occasionally trite (sometimes through repetition).

[Old English: synonym for “saying” – meaning: uneducated wisdom, often based in superstitions]

Example: When in Rome, do as the Romans do.

Slogan.-This is a memorable motto or phrase used as a repetitive expression of an idea or purpose. Also called tagline or one liner.

Example: Make learning fun.

Winged Word.-A popular saying which can be attributed (as a citation) to a specific source. These phrases have found entrance into general usage. Among them are often terse descriptions of complex matters or those of life experiences.

Example: Writing on the wall (Biblical book of Daniel)

Witticism.-Witty remarks can be intentionally cruel and are more ingenious than funny.

Lady Astor said to Churchill, “If you were my husband, I’d poison your tea,” Churchill replied “Madam, if you were my wife, I’d drink it!”

Axiom.-An axiom (or postulate) is a principle of a theory, scientific model, or an axiomatic system that is and cannot be justified from within the system or derived by deduction.

Example: Law of the Excluded Middle [also: principle of the excluded third – this is the third of the three classic laws of thought; it states, that any statemet or proposition is either true or wrong]

In everyday language, the term Axiom is used to describe a fundamental simple truth; like a circle is round.

Dogma.-A Dogma is a principle or set of principles, which serve as a definition or as a basic (normative) doctrine. Its inherent truth claim cannot be refuted, without affecting the very system’s central paradigms and the (belief) systems stability. The content of a dogma has at least no proven or recognizable counterpart in reality. It is also often laid down by an authority as an incontrovertibly truth.

Paradox.-A paradox is a statement that seemingly or actually contains an irresolvable contradiction. Thus it contradicts itself and yet might be true.

Example: All Cretans are liars. [from Epimenides (a Cretan) who made this immortal statement]

Nota bene: Self-referentiality or self-reference, is a term that describes how a symbol, an idea or statement (or a model, image, or story) refers to itself.

 


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