Posts Tagged ‘disclaimer’

Twenty pages on behaviour, attendance and some other stuff at school

2 December 2016

twitter: @eugenio_fouz


A pack of 20 pages for students of English language


@SlideShare @LinkedIn

See also the PDF edition below


4 pages

Proverbs, sayings, idioms, adages

22 November 2016

twitter: @eugenio_fouz


NOTE 25.05.2017

I have just realized there is a duplicate of this post under the title: i´ve got a crush on language mannerisms (efnotebloc, 25.05.2017)

I copy the disclaimer from here:

“The content of these sites (NO ads, advertisement, popups) were provided with the greatest possible care. A warranty, liability, or a guarantee for the correctness, topicality, or completeness of the content provided is excluded. This applies also to all other websites, which are referred to via a link.
The content of this internet appearance can be subject to changes or additions of available contents without announcement!
These web-sites do not employ Java, Java-Script or Cookies.
Since the popular “Like”-Buttons from Facebook, Google+, Twitter and other social media focused websites, provide their “creators” with a lot of data about the person who uses them, they are absent on this domain. My apologies for any inconvenience!
Dr. Heiko Possel | Heresbachstraße 12 | D-40223 Düsseldorf | “


Note the excellent definitions found out on the net via


What are … Proverbs, Sayings, Aphorisms, Idioms, Puns, etc.

via smart–words. org


Here is a list of definitions (with examples), which helps to understand the difference between these terms.

It is common to find different words existing in English to represent similar ideas. It is an frequent characteristic of a language with a long history. There are a number of specific types of saying, of which proverb is probably the best known. However, the distinction between them is often pretty vague.

Adage.-An aphorism that has that has gained credit through long use.

Example: Where there’s smoke, there’s fire.

Aphorism.-A tersely, memorable phrased statement of a truth or opinion; an adage.

[from Greek aphorismos, from aphorizein, to delimit, define. Apo- (1. Away from; off; Separate. 2. Without 3. Related to) + Horizein (limit, boundary)]

Example: He’s a fool who cannot conceal his wisdom.

Cliché.-An overly commonplace, banal or trite saying, expression or idea. Sometimes the terms stereotype or platitude are used as a synonym.

Clichés can be defined as preconceived twists, hackneyed and worn out by too frequent use of images, modes of expression, speech and thought patterns. These are often used thoughtlessly and without individual conviction.

Example: All Americans are very open.

Epigram.-A concise, clever, often paradoxical statement, thought or observation; sometimes expressed as a short, witty poem.

Example: The only way to get rid of temptation is to yield to it.

Epithet.-A descriptive term (= word or phrase) used to characterize a person or thing, that has become popular is commonly understood.

Example: The Great Emancipator — as a term for Abraham Lincoln.

Folklore.-The term in the narrower sense means oral lore of a group of people. In the broader sense folklore describes the totality of ” demotic ” traditions. It often has religious or mythical elements.

See also: myth, (urban) legend, tale, oral tradition.

[From Old English – folk = “people” and lore = “tradition” or “knowledge”]

Therefore folklore literally means “knowledge of the people” or “tradition of the people”.

Gnome.-A pithy saying that expresses a general truth, fundamental principle or an instruction in a compact form (usually taken from ancient literature or poems); an aphorism.

[Greek: from gignoskein, to know]

Example: Moderation is the best thing (by Cleobulus of Lindos; circa 600 BC)

Idiom.-An expression that is peculiar to itself grammatically or cannot be understood from the individual meanings of the words. Quite a few idioms are language specific, and thus diificult to translate.

Example: A cold day in Hell

Hyperbole.-A figure of speech (or any rhetorical device) in which exaggeration is used for emphasis or effect, mostly beyond credibility.

[Greek huperbol, exaggeration, from: huper (= beyond) and ballein (= to throw)]

It is encountered in casual speech, as in — “I could sleep for a year” — “This book weighs a ton.”

Mantra.-Originated in the Vedic tradition of India; a mantra is now a religious or mystical sound, syllable or poetic phrase used in prayers and during meditation.

Example: Haro Hara [huh’-roh huh’-ruh] — bestows knowledge of intuitive truth.

Maxim.-Compared with its approximate synonyms: saying, adage, saw, motto, epigram, proverb, aphorism, the term maxim stresses the succinct formulation of a fundamental principle, general truth, or rule of conduct.

[Latin: maximus, “greatest”, via the expression maxima propositio, “greatest premise”.]

Example: Neither a borrower nor a lender be.

Motto.-A brief statement used to express a principle, a motivation, a goal, or an ideal.

Examples: Be Prepared (Girlguiding UK); Fidelity, Bravery, Integrity (FBI).

Phrasal verb.-An English verb and one or more following particles (e.g. a preposition or adverb); the combination creates a meaning different from the original verb thus acting as a complete syntactic and semantic unit.

Example: The new teacher passes for a linguist.

Proverb.-A simple and short saying, widely known, often metaphorical, which expresses a basic truth or practical precept, based on common sense or cultural experience.

Example: Honesty is the best policy.

Pun.-This is a form of word play that exploits multiple meanings of words (or of similar-sounding words) for an intended humorous or rhetorical effect.

Example: A fool with a tool is still a fool.

Quip.-A clever or witty observation or remark, with a tendency to descend into sarcasm, or otherwise is short of point.

[Latin: quippe = “indeed” – meaning: smart remark]

Example: Better a witty fool than a foolish wit.

Quotation.-This is a repetition — literally taken over from another text or speech and explicitly attributed by a citation. Quotes, whose original context is lost and can no longer be reconstructed, are named fragments.

Example: “Give me six hours to chop down a tree and I will spend the first four sharpening the axe.” (Abraham Lincoln)

Saying.-A short well-known expression — a pithy remark of wisdom and truth or a general advice.

Example: The road to hell is paved with good intentions.

Saw.-An old familiar saying that is commonplace, longstanding and occasionally trite (sometimes through repetition).

[Old English: synonym for “saying” – meaning: uneducated wisdom, often based in superstitions]

Example: When in Rome, do as the Romans do.

Slogan.-This is a memorable motto or phrase used as a repetitive expression of an idea or purpose. Also called tagline or one liner.

Example: Make learning fun.

Winged Word.-A popular saying which can be attributed (as a citation) to a specific source. These phrases have found entrance into general usage. Among them are often terse descriptions of complex matters or those of life experiences.

Example: Writing on the wall (Biblical book of Daniel)

Witticism.-Witty remarks can be intentionally cruel and are more ingenious than funny.

Lady Astor said to Churchill, “If you were my husband, I’d poison your tea,” Churchill replied “Madam, if you were my wife, I’d drink it!”

Axiom.-An axiom (or postulate) is a principle of a theory, scientific model, or an axiomatic system that is and cannot be justified from within the system or derived by deduction.

Example: Law of the Excluded Middle [also: principle of the excluded third – this is the third of the three classic laws of thought; it states, that any statemet or proposition is either true or wrong]

In everyday language, the term Axiom is used to describe a fundamental simple truth; like a circle is round.

Dogma.-A Dogma is a principle or set of principles, which serve as a definition or as a basic (normative) doctrine. Its inherent truth claim cannot be refuted, without affecting the very system’s central paradigms and the (belief) systems stability. The content of a dogma has at least no proven or recognizable counterpart in reality. It is also often laid down by an authority as an incontrovertibly truth.

Paradox.-A paradox is a statement that seemingly or actually contains an irresolvable contradiction. Thus it contradicts itself and yet might be true.

Example: All Cretans are liars. [from Epimenides (a Cretan) who made this immortal statement]

Nota bene: Self-referentiality or self-reference, is a term that describes how a symbol, an idea or statement (or a model, image, or story) refers to itself.


Descargo de responsabilidad de un profesor en clase (disclaimer)

20 November 2016

twitter: @eugenio_fouz


Descargo de responsabilidad 

Copyright © 2016

Desde el momento en que usted se encuentra en un aula entiende y acepta que debe cumplir unas normas elementales de comportamiento. En un centro educativo en el que se instruye a los alumnos hay asignaturas con las que tratar conceptos teóricos y prácticos, hay alumnos como usted y profesores como yo que quiere desempeñar su trabajo de la mejor manera posible. Si se fija un poco, a lo mejor descubre a profesores apasionados por la enseñanza de su asignatura que pretenden además convertirla en algo atractivo para usted. Note cómo el alumnado respetuoso y participativo logra obtener clases interesantes y amenas, aprende cosas y está cómodo en el aula.

No debería creer, por otro lado, que el profesor viene a clase a entretenerle, a pasar el rato o a caerle simpático. La tarea del profesor es enseñar su asignatura a un alumno que atiende, aprende y estudia.

Cuente con momentos en los que preferiría estar en otro lado porque tendrá que copiar una tarea, hacer ejercicios, leer un texto, o simplemente estar en silencio. Cuente también con momentos en que no cambiaría estar en clase por nada. Un buen estudiante dedica su esfuerzo a los libros y el estudio dentro y fuera del centro educativo.


Recuerde lo que NO DEBE hacer en clase:

1/hablar cuando alguien habla (profesor o compañero)

2/usar o exhibir objetos ajenos al objetivo de la escuela (teléfonos móviles, naipes, bebidas alcohólicas, tabaco, diccionarios, drogas, tamagotchis, cámaras de fotos, jirafas, manuales de gramática, cómics, postales, muñecos de vudú, periódicos, revistas, aparatos de radio, reproductores de mp3, etcétera)


4/mirar el reloj constantemente

5/copiar en un examen

6/olvidar (o decir que ha olvidado) el libro de texto, el cuaderno, o cualquier otro material necesario en el aula

7/desoír las indicaciones del profesor

8/contestar de malas formas


10/ser deshonesto

[Si se le ocurren otras, por favor, comuníqueselas al profesor.]



Sea amable con sus compañeros y el profesor.

Propóngase aprender algo cada día.

Intente escribir con caligrafía clara.

Lea despacio, separe las palabras mientras lee y trate de vocalizar bien.

Si es consciente de que algo va mal o no funciona, cambie de actitud, es decir, cállese, preste atención al profesor y aproveche el tiempo. Tome apuntes, concéntrese, lea.

Si eso no funciona, cámbiese voluntariamente de sitio.

No espere aprender algo sin hacer nada.

Eugenio Fouz.-21112016


5 páginas (asistencia, decálogo de exámenes, disclaimer)

El “disclaimer” que me gustaría haber escrito

1 May 2014

 twitter: @eugenio_fouz


La libertad y la libertad de expresión beben de una fuente como esta. Quienquiera que haya pensado, redactado y publicado un descargo de responsabilidades (disclaimer) así sabe qué es ser libre. La autora se cubre el rostro y se disfraza. Una mujer misteriosa, rubia y con atributos demoníacos maneja la pluma graciosa y locuaz. Mujer tenía que ser. Ella es la dueña de una rotunda declaración de principios envidiable. Copio y guardo el texto en mi diario, señora o señorita @Barbijaputa,

A sus pies


disclaimer o descargo de responsabilidades

No soy un medio de comunicación.

No soy periodista.

No represento a ningún medio, diario, TV o partido político.

No soy la fuente de ninguna noticia de la que pueda hacerme eco.

No soy responsable de lo que otros medios publiquen, aunque lo enlace en mi cuenta de tuiter.

No cobro por tuitear.

No pretendo que nadie me crea ni que nadie me vote.

No tengo que dar explicaciones a nadie sobre temas que no he tratado sólo porque se me pregunte. Aunque se me pregunte insistentemente.

No tengo opinión formada sobre todos los conflictos terrestres.

No dar opinión sobre algo no significa necesariamente que no quiera hablar del tema, puede que simplemente no tenga ni puta idea, o que no tengo ganas. Eso no quiere decir que esté a favor cuando no opino sobre algo, tampoco significa que esté en contra.

No tuiteo desde un púlpito ni me creo en posesión de la verdad absoluta. Sólo tuiteo. Tuiteaba de la misma forma cuando tenía 400 seguidores como la que uso ahora con 131.600. No creo llevar más razón ahora que entonces. Ni menos.

Mi cuenta no se creó para favorecer a ninguna empresa, medio o partido político.

No se sigue ninguna estrategia para conseguir el mayor número de seguidores posible con ninguna finalidad. Creed que con los que ya hay, me basta. Y me sobra. Sin despreciar a nadie.

Que critique a Corea del Norte no significa que esté con USA. Que critique a USA no significa que esté con Corea del Norte, de la misma forma que si critico a Capriles no estoy con Maduro, ni si critico a Maduro estoy con Capriles. De ello se deduce que criticar al PSOE no es estar con el PP, ni criticar al PP, estar con el PSOE. Y así, hasta el infinito.

No pretendo influir en la opinión de los demás, si bien es cierto que soy consciente de que puede pasar, al igual que a mí me influye leer a otros.

No tengo por qué debatir sobre cualquier tema sólo porque se me pida. No hacerlo no es otorgar la razón a nadie ni quitársela. Debato con quien quiero y sobre lo que quiero.

No tengo por qué mantenerme en una misma opinión tantos años viva. Tengo derecho a contradecirme, a cambiar de opinión, a repensar las cosas, dependiendo del contexto y de las variables que considere en cada tema.

Este comunicado no está escrito con sorna, condescendencia o sarcasmo. Es sinceramente informativo.

Soy una chica anónima que se hace eco de las noticias que considera oportunas cuando lo cree oportuno y vierte su opinión libremente en su cuenta de Tuiter. Diré más o menos tonterías, acertaré algunas veces, me equivocaré otras. Pero sobre todo, intento aprender y agudizar el pensamiento crítico, cosa que Tuiter favorece. Podré perder los papeles y salirme de tono tantas veces como ovule, quiera, sienta y crea necesario. A quien no le guste (perfectamente comprensible) puede dejar de seguirme, pero siempre recordando que no le debo reembolsar ningún dinero, ni dar explicaciones, ni pedirle perdón. También puede volver a seguirme, no le cobraré.

Me gustan las menciones que me quitan la razón con argumentos, me gustan los miles de zas que me han dado desde el primer día que abrí esta cuenta, y he aprendido mucho -y gratis- gracias a las miles de críticas constructivas que he recibido.

No me gustan las menciones con insultos, amenazas de muerte o palizas, no me gustan las menciones “manzanas traigo”, ni las que mienten sobre mí o se hacen eco de cosas que jamás dije.

Me hubiera gustado no tener que escribir este post, porque la gente como yo, que no es nadie, no escribe comunicados. Pero de un tiempo a esta parte, las preguntas, conspiranoias y exigencias de muchísimas personas a lo largo de muchos meses, me han terminado convenciendo de que ahorraré tiempo y explicaciones (que no tengo que dar, sino que quiero dar) poniendo el enlace de este post en la biografía de mi cuenta de Tuiter, para futuras preguntas, exigencias y órdenes de tuiteros.”

{autora @Barbijaputa}



Mr Douglas Smith is absolutely right

13 October 2013

Here I copy literally from the Sociology professor at the Kentucky University what might be read as his “Bill of rights”.
I love it, the tone, the meaning and everything. If you are a professor or a teacher, or even a serious student you will smile at browsing this. Enjoy the reading!


[dis·claim·er noun \-ˈklā-mər\

: a statement that is meant to prevent an incorrect understanding of something (such as a book, a movie, or an advertisement)]


Mr. Douglas Smith, Dept of Sociology. Western Kentucky University, USA



Classroom Norms:

I expect you to be in class.  Little interaction can occur between us if you are not.  To encourage class attendance I will distribute sign-in sheets on randomly selected days.  I will also pass out a sign-in sheet if one is requested by class members.  Attendance points will be levied based on your attendance on the days the sign in sheets are passed out.

NOTE:  I understand that sometimes things come up in life.  As an adult you have to decide what in your life deserves attention at any given time.  I do not need to be informed of why you miss class.  Excuses do not change the fact that you weren’t here and therefore missed out on whatever we were discussing that day.

Arriving late to class, talking, reading the newspaper are not acceptable classroom behavior and are disrespectful to your instructor and other students who want to listen and learn.  ALL cell phones should be turned off before entering class. Similarly, if you are likely to have a regular problem with getting to class on time, please let me know in advance.

Late assignments will not be accepted without penalty unless accompanied by a doctor’s excuse or another form of official documentation of an emergency.  Assignments will be submitted through Blackboard, so if you are absent, you can still submit your assignments.  They are still due on the day of class.  If you are anticipating: computer glitches, extremely tight pants, being the victim of street crime, bad planning, a Senate filibuster, embarrassing messages from “Mom” on your Facebook, animal attacks, hurtful comments by close friends, good lovin’ gone bad, terrorism, a disappointing credit report, seeing your new brother-in-law on Cops, Cheaters, or Here Comes Honey Boo Boo, being struck by space junk or trapped under an impenetrable dome, unforseen cataclysmic acts of God, fear of intimacy, sequestration, rural rebound, inflammation due to chronic dry ere, urban malaise, a Christmas stocking full of coleslaw, funding cuts to higher education, a date ending in an interview by Chris Hansen, the paralysis of analysis, rude tweets, demonic possession, trouble with your Toyota accelerator, loss of hope in your audacity, a pants haunting lasting more than four hours, the debilitating shame of buying a Justin Bieber CD, the release of Diablo III, undergoing enhanced interrogation techniques, dating a Kardasian, PTSD from Miley Cyrus twerking it, losing your sociology mojo, vigilante justice, the total destruction of Galador, or anything else that might interfere with your assignment writing, get it in early!

The teacher reserves the right to alter these requirements based on class interest and needs (See my disclaimer at the end of the syllabus.).



Finally, my standard disclaimer:











The syllabus for any class is a road map. The readings in the course calendar are places we are scheduled to visit.  Anyone who has taken a preplanned road trip or vacation knows that the trip is not fun unless you stop at the interesting roadside attractions even though they might divert from your original route or time table.  It’s the process of getting there that is fun and relaxing and intriguing.  In that light, the above schedule and procedures for this course are subject to change by the Professor in the event of extenuating circumstances.

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crear siempre, aprender y guardar la llama