Posts Tagged ‘days of the week’

Do not feed cheaters!

2 March 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

Tom Berenger as Jonathan Shale in “The Substitute“.

Dir. Robert Mandel. 1996]

In tests, controls and examinations teachers must avoid questions on BASICS which could be easily copied on a slip of paper. Do not feed cheaters!

In case a teacher would like to check the student´s learning of the days of the week, ordinal numbers from 1st to 12th, for example, he shouldn’t directly ask like this “write all days of the week in order” or “complete the numbers missing on the following list first, se……., th….., fourth ………..ninth …

Another way might be as follows:

a/Pass these messages into Spanish

She will meet her friend Joan next Thursday at 5.44


*Are you coming with us to the zoo tomorrow?

**You mean, tomorrow Tuesday?


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My own syllabuses on English language

23 February 2019

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

[Harry Styles, singer “OneDirection”]

A foreign language teacher should create his own syllabuses on grammar, lexis, pronunciation, readings, listenings, writing, et cetera. One of my students claimed one day in class they were being taught the same old things year after year (points of grammar, namely the present simple tense, the saxon genitive, some plural nouns) in a never-ending circle. Teachers were just following a formula according to the rules of programming. We have been learning foreign languages the same way we learnt everything by memorisation. I thought the student´s complaint was fair. Nowadays I try to teach something new every year.

A functional language syllabus might be as follows: 1.greetings (hello, hi, good morning, goodbye) 2.cardinal numbers from 1 to 10 (one, two) to tell the time (what time is it?) 4.days of the week 5.seasons of the year to say the date (February, 20th) to answer the phone (hello, this is Tom Smith / who is calling, please? 8.months of the year …

A lexical syllabus might be like this: 1.the English alphabet (a, b, c, d, e ) 2.colours (red, yellow, blue, green) stuff (book, pencil, dictionary, board, computers ) 5.people in school (teachers, students, secretary) 6.members of a family (father, mother, sister, brother, daughter) 7.clothes (shoes, socks, jeans, trousers, shirts, coats, jackets) …

A grammar syllabus should contain: 1.nouns (man, woman, subject, learning, student, school, examinations) 2.adjectives (shy, important, happy) 3.verbs (auxiliary verbs and lexical verbs) 4.adverbs (slowly, calmly, very, too, clearly) 5.prepositions (of, before, after, in, on) 6.pronouns (personal pronouns of subject) 7. skeleton of verbs (to read read read) 8.primary auxiliary verbs (to do, to have, to be) 9.modal auxiliary verbs (can, could, may, might, will, would) 10.regular lexical verbs (to play, to cry) 11.irregular lexical verbs (to put, to quit) 12.present simple tense of lexical verbs in the affirmative ( I speak English, she speaks Spanish) (to do, to be, to have) 13.personal pronouns of subject ( I, you, he, she ) 14.the four demonstratives (this, these, that, those) 15.articles (definite article -the-, indefinite article -a/an-) 16.saxon genitive (John´s room) 17.present simple tense of lexical verbs in the negative and interrogative (John does not like chocolate, Do you speak French?) …



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30 November 2015

twitter: @eugenio_fouz

Lanesborough prep scho


ESL 1 (1.2)



Remember this: the days of the week and the months of the year are written in capital letters. Therefore do not write “monday” but Monday.

When you take an examination or write any message in Spanish avoid using the English rules for orthography. English language is different from Spanish language. In Spanish we do not write “Martes” but martes, miércoles.

Also, we use the symbol ¿ in the beginning of a question and ¿ at the end. E.g: ¿Dónde vive ella? is correct writing. “Dónde vive ella?” is wrong writing.

Some English words may be confusing. See the incorrect spelling below: “ballpen”, “nineth”, “good bye”, “fiveteen”

The correct spelling is as follows: ball pen, ninth, goodbye, fifteen.

Ball pen consists of 2 words, goodbye consists of 1 word

In the present simple tense there is only one “s/es” mark for the 3rd person singular which only occurs once:

“Does John ́s sister likes reading?” is wrong, whereas Does John ́s sister like reading is right.

In some exercises you are told to write the four demonstratives and their meaning what implies that you must do both things, not one of them.

This.este, esta, esto / these.estos, estas / that.ese, esa, eso, aquel, aquella, aquello / those.esos, esas, aquellos, aquellas

To conjugate a verb in English you will be required to translate one form into Spanish language in order to show that you understand the verbal tense you are conjugating. So, for example:

Conjugate the present simple tense in the negative form of the verb TO BUY. Translate one form into Spanish, you should do something like this:

I do not buy / you do not buy / she does not buy / we do not buy (nosotros no compramos) / you do not buy / they do not buy

Another issue here: if you start the conjugation of a verb using contracted forms, be coherent and continue with the use of contracted forms. Never mix both forms. This is what you MUST NOT do: “ I don ́t buy / you don ́t buy / she does not buy / we don ́t buy”…

The infinitive form of a verb is preceded by the particle TO. This particle is the signal that it is a pure form.

to speak.hablar to sell.vender

The skeleton of a verb consists of 3 elements: infinitive, past and past participle See: To speak (infinitive) spoke (past) spoken (past participle)

[skeleton.enunciado, presentación]

I have seen conjugation of verbs where students write: “I to go / you to go” … and that is absolutely wrong. See the way to do things correctly above.

On this second control, some students still haven ́t learnt to write Thursday and tend to write “Thuesday” which is wrong. Learn once and for all the seven days of the week.

Monday / Tuesday / Wednesday / Thursday / Friday / Saturday / Sunday

Monday / Tuesday / Wednesday / Thursday / Friday / Saturday / Sunday

Monday / Tuesday / Wednesday / Thursday / Friday / Saturday / Sunday

Copy these as many times as necessary.

A typical mistake people make is using the double negative form in English. This does not exist. In English we only do the negation once, like this:

I do not understand anything or I understand nothing

There is confusion between the personal pronouns of object (me, you, him/her/it, us, you, them) and the possessive adjectives (my, your, his/her/its, our, your, their). Possessive adjectives never go alone. These always need a noun after them. See: my book is red, your sister loves me.

It is wrong saying or writing this: “I don ́t have got a laptop”

You should say: I haven ́t got a laptop or I don ́t have a laptop, instead

[instead.en su lugar]

If you are using the present simple tense do not mix the verb TO BE here as if you were about to do a present continuous tense. I have read: “I am miss” which is not right. The correct form for the present simple tense is this: I miss

Do not answer the same exercise twice in the examination paper

Revise BASICS (ordinal numbers, demonstratives, pronouns, vocabulary, etcétera)

Visit @moodle at least once a week

Read some texts in English, listen to podcasts from the BBC, use dictionaries


Be good & good luck!



Barbara makes mistakes in basics

22 September 2013

twitter: @eugenio_fouz


 (the girl from the picture is not Barbara, just a cool schoolgirl to illustrate this post)

Some teachers sometimes like asking easy questions which have to do with basic parts of the vocabulary corpus or grammar. The reason for this kind of exercise is to reinforce a solid basis on the knowledge and use of English language.

Barbara usually makes the same mistakes.

Have a look at this:

Write cardinal numbers from 10 to 20

Ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen “fiveteen”* (instead of FIFTEEN) sixteen seventeen eighteennineteen twenty

Sometimes Barbara confuses cardinal numbers (one, two, three) with ordinal numbers (first, second, third, fourth, fifth)

Write all days of the week in order

Monday “Thuesday”* (instead of TUESDAY) “Wensday”* (instead of WEDNESDAY) “Thrusday”* (instead of THURSDAY) Friday Saturday and Sunday

Write months of the year

(Sometimes Barbara forgets one or two months, otherwise she pretends to have forgotten that month because she doesn´t know how to write the month correctly)

January February “Mars”* (instead of MARCH) April May “Jun”* (instead of JUNE) “Juillet”* (instead of JULY) August September October November December

The trouble sometimes is that Barbara mixes English language and French language.

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